Newport Fine Art


Are you considering selling or purchasing a work of art?

Roger King Gallery of Fine Art

We buy fine American paintings of the 19th and early 20th centuries.
We also specialize in and are actively seeking works in the following areas:

  • Marine
    • Works by Badger, Baker, Bard, Bricher, Buttersworth, Cozzens, Dawson, Gray, Hamilton, Jacobsen, Lane, Moran, Salmon, Sheppard, Silva, A.C. Smith, W.Stubbs, Tyler, Walters, Van Beest, Willis, Yorke, China Trade

  • Early African-American
    • Works by Bannister, Crite, Duncanson, Johnson, Porter, Selby, Tanner

  • New England Regional Painting
    • including Providence, Fall River, and New Bedford schools

  • Rhode Island Artists
    • Works by Burleigh, Dunning, Hays, Leavitt, Spencer, Whitaker, Woodward

The Roger King Gallery of Fine Art is the oldest fine arts gallery in Newport and has been a nationally recognized source of fine American paintings for more than twenty-five years. Clientele range from museums and corporations to the novice art lover.

Restoration, conservation, and appraisal services available.

Call 401.847.4359 or email us at paintings@rkingfinearts.com.
Please visit our websites at www.RKingFineArts.com and www.artnet.com/rking.html

Artist List

Ahl,Eleanor C.
American ,la.19th- ea, 20th c. Anderson,Oscar Baker,Ernest
Baker,Elisha Taylor Bannister,Edward Mitchell Bard,James
Batcheller,Frederick Baxter,Elijah Beal,Gifford
Beal,Reynolds Bearman,Edward W. Becken,Brian
Bellows,George Benson,Frank Benton,Thomas Hart
Berthelsen,Johann Bierstadt,Albert Birch,Thomas
Bjareby,Alfred Gunnar Blakelock,Ralph Albert Boult,Francis Cecil
Brackett,Sidney Lawrence Bradford,William Brewerton,George Douglas
Brewster,Anna Richards Bricher,Alfred T. Brown,Edith
Brown,Harrison Bird Brown,John George Brown ,William Mason
Brown,George Loring Brown,Charles Porter Bunker,Dennis Miller
Burleigh,Sidney Richmond Burnett,Calvin Butler,Theodore
Buttersworth,James Edward Cady,Henry Carr,Samuel S.
Carter,William Sylvester Cassatt,Mary Champney ,Benjamin
Chapin,Bryant Chase,William Merritt China Trade,
Church,Frederic Edwin Cirino,Antonio Clark,C. Myron
Clays,Paul Jean Codman,Charles Cole,Joseph Foxcroft
Cole,Thomas Colman,Samuel Cooper,Colin Campbell
Coppedge,Fern Isabel Corne,Michel Felice Crite,Allan Rohan
Cropsey,Jasper Francis Cross,Henry H. Cucuel,Edward A.
Curran,Charles Courtney Davidson,Clara D. Davis,William R.
Dawson,Montague Dawson-Watson,Dawson De Voll,Frederick Usher
Decamp,Joseph Rodefer Decker,Joseph DeHaas,William Frederick
DeHaas,Mauritz F.H. Dodge,William DeLeftwich Drew,Clement
Duncanson,Robert S. Dunning,Robert Spear Durand,Asher B.
Dyer,Hezekiah Anthony Dyer,Nancy Eldred,Lemuel D.
Enneking,Joseph Eliot Enneking,John Joseph Fish,Herbert
Freelon,Allan Randall French,G.N. Frieseke,Frederick Carl
Garber,Daniel Gaylor,Adelaide Lawson Gerry,Samuel Lancaster
Gifford,Robert Swain Gifford,Sanford Robinson Gifford,Charles Henry
Glackens,William J. Grant,Clement Rollins Grant,Gordon
Graves,Abbott Fuller Greacen,Edmund W. Gruppe,Emil
Gruppe,Charles Paul Hale,Philip Leslie Hale,Lilian Westcott
Hall,Florence S. Hallett,Hendricks Halsall,William Formby
Hamilton,James Hamilton,Edward Wilbur Dean Harding,Chester
Hart,William M. Hart,James McDougal Haseltine,William Stanley
Hassam,Frederick Childe Hatfield,Joseph Henry Hays,George Arthur
Heade,Martin Johnson Henri,Robert Herbert,Alfred
Hill,Edward Hill,Thomas Hilliard,William H.
Hills,Laura Coombs Hitchcock,George Homer,Winslow
Hopper,Edward Inness,George Jacobsen,Antonio
Johnson,Marshall Johnson,David Kensett,John Frederick
Kent,Rockwell Kimball,Emily O. Knapp,Charles Wilson
LaFarge,John Lane,Fitz H. Lawrence,Jacob
Lawson,Ernest Leavitt,Edward C. Lever,Richard Hayley
Lewin,James Morgan Lewis,Edmund Darch Logan,Robert Henry
Luce,Cal Luce,Molly Luks,George
Luny,Thomas McCord,George Herbert McEntee,Jervis
Melchers,Gari Metcalf,Willard Leroy Meyersahm,Exene Reed
Miller,Richard E. Moran,Thomas Moro,Paul
Motley,Archibald J. Murphy,John Francis Murphy ,Hermann Dudley
Nemethy,Albert Nemethy,Julian Newell,John Perry
Nisbet,Robert Hogg Northern European,19th c. Norton ,William Edward
Noyes,George Loftus Nuse,Roy C. O'Brien,Lucius R.
Pansing,Fred Paxton,William McGregor Peale Family,
Perry,Lilla Cabot Petersen,John E. C. Peterson,Jane
Pierce,Delilah Williams Pippin,Horace Porter,Charles Ethan
Potthast,Edward Prentice,Levi Wells Prince,William Meade
Raleigh,Charles Sidney Ramsey,Milne Ranger,Henry Ward
Raser,John Heyl Ream,Carducius Plantagenet Redfield,Edward
Rehn,Frank K.M. Richards,William Trost Ripley,Aidan Lasell
Robin,F. Robinson,Hal Robinson,Theodore
Salmon,Robert Sargent,John Singer Satterlee,Walter
Schofield,William Elmer Scott,John W. A. Seideneck,George Joseph
Selby,Joe Selinger,Emily Shapleigh,Frank Henry
Shattuck,Aaron Draper Sheppard,Warren Silva,Francis Augustus
Smillie,George H. Smith,J.B. Smith,Archibald Cary
Smith,Francis Hopkinson Soderberg,Yngve E. Sonntag,William Louis
Sotter,George W. Spencer,John Clinton Stetson,Charles W.
Storer,Charles Stuart,Gilbert Stuart,Alexander Charles
Stubbs,William Pierce Sully ,Thomas Suydam,James Augustus
Swan,Emma Levinia Tanner,Henry Ossawa Tarbell,Edmund Charles
Taylor,Jeanne Thayer,Abbott Handerson Thieme,Anthony
Tryon,Dwight Tucker,Allen Twachtman,John Henry
Tyler,James Gale Van Beest,Albert Van Cott,H.
Vincent,Harry Aiken Walter,Martha Waugh,Frederick Judd
Webber,Wesley Weiland,Johannes Weir,J. Alden
Wendell,Theodore Whistler,James Abbot McNeill Whitaker,George
Whiting,John Downes Whittredge,Worthington Wiegand,Gustave Adolph
Wiggins,John Carleton Wiggins,Guy C. Wiles,Irving Ramsay
Wilkinson,John B. Willis,Thomas Witman,C.F.
Wood,Thomas Waterman Woodville,Richard Caton Woodward,Mabel M.
Wust,Alexander Wyant,Alexander Helwig Yorke,William H.
Ziem,Felix F.G.P. Zuill,Abbie


Artist Biographies

ALBERT VAN BEEST
(1820-1860)

Albert Van Beest's short and precarious life is reflected in the drama of his subject matter. Born in Rotterdam the son of a house painter, he grew up with the denizens of the city wharves and showed exceptional talent in sketching at an early age.   He was chosen to  travel with Prince Henry of the Netherlands and the Dutch fleet to the Mediterranean. Van Beest was an inveterate traveler, roaming the Brazilian coast, Patagonia, and the Falkland Islands. He spent a year in Iceland, painted in Morocco, and claimed to have been in the Russian Navy. Impetuous and adventuresome, in 1845 he announced to his mother that he was leaving home for a few days.  With only the clothes on his back and a few pencils, he sailed to New York, where he remained for fifteen years. 

William Bradford, the marine painter from New Bedford, sought out Van Beest after learning of his arrival in New York.   Upon Bradford's invitation, Van Beest visited New Bedford, where the two collaborated for three years, Bradford painting the American vessels in Van Beest's turbulent seas.  The eccentric and temperamental artist died at age 40 in New York. His work is in the collections of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; the Fodor Museum, Amsterdam; the Teylers Museum, Haarlem; the New Bedford Whaling Museum; the Rijksmuseum; Kroller-Muller, Otterlo;
the Rijks Print Collection, Amsterdam; Boymans-van Beuningen Museum, Rotterdam; Prins Hendrik Museum, Rotterdam; and the Mansion House, New Bedford, among others.

 
JOHN CLINTON SPENCER
(1861-1919)

John Clinton Spencer was a painter of 
still lifes active in the late nineteenth and early twentieth-centuries. He was born in Providence and educated at the Moses 
Brown School. In painting he was largely 
self-taught, but he studied briefly with Edward C. Leavitt, the leading still life painter of the Providence school. Spencer excelled in painting fruit, game, and flowers and was particularly fond of using shellfish in his compositions. He was known for painting lobsters when they came into vogue as a subject for still life painting in the late nineteenth-century. Spencer was a member 
of the Providence Art Club, where he exhibited in the 1880s. His paintings are generally brightly illuminated and are usually signed, front or verso, with his characteristic flamboyant, calligraphic signature.

 
SANDOR BERNATH
(1892-1884/5)

Sandor Bernath was born in Hungary and lived in Budapest before coming to the United States, where he spent time in New York City and Eastport, Maine. An illustrator and painter, Bernath is perhaps best known for his crisp, stylized watercolors of sailing yachts, but he also painted genre and village scenes, birds, and coastal views. He was a member of the New York Watercolor Club and the American Watercolor Society. His work was exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago during the 1920s and at the Whitney Museum of American Art. Some of his paintings are in the collection of the Brooklyn Museum, which featured them in its 1984 publication, American Watercolors, Pastels and Collages. Bernath moved to Belize,  Honduras for the last few years of his life and died there in either 1984 or 1985. 

 
LEONARD BASKIN
(1922-2000)

The works of Leonard Baskin, sculptor, graphic artist, and printmaker, are found in major museums and galleries throughout the world, including the Metropolitan Museum, the Vatican, and the Smithsonian. His works range from realism to expressionism and often evoke both religious and mythological symbolism. Much of his works portrays stark emotional and physical states of humankind; he described his sculptures are "memorials to ordinary human beings, gigantic monuments to the unnoticed dead."

Baskin studied at New York University, 
Yale School of Fine Arts, the Academie de la Grande Chaumiere, and the Academy of Fine  Arts in Florence, Italy. He was awarded fellowships from the Tiffany Foundation and the Guggenheim Foundation, and received degrees from the New School for Social Research, the University of Massachusetts, and Clark University. He was a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters, the William Morris Society, and the American Institute of Graphic Artists. He exhibited internationally, and from 1953 to the 1970s  taught sculpture and graphic arts at
Smith College.


 
  EDWARD CHALMERS LEAVITT
(1842-1904)

Still life painter Edward C. Leavitt of Providence was taught by James Morgan Lewin, a leading painter of the Fall River school in nearby Massachusetts. Leavitt's work is characterized by opulent settings, including decorative objects, lush fruits, and flowers (frequently roses), often resting on highly polished surfaces. Many of his works stress the patterns created by the multitude of objects and the resulting overall decorative effect rather than emphasize selected items. His paintings are sharply focused, realistic, and carefully finished. 

Leavitt exhibited frequently at the National Academy of Design, the Boston Art Club and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. He was a prolific painter and popular in his day. For several decades his work, along with still life painting in general, was eclipsed by other styles. Interest in the genre was renewed in the 1970s, when Leavitt was recognized once again as the finest still life painter of the nineteenth-century Providence school.     


 
ISABEL P. B. CARTWRIGHT
(1885-1966)

Isabel Parke Branson Cartwright specialized
in painting portraits and landscapes.  She
studied at the Philadelphia School of Design 
for Women and with Frank Brangwyn in 
London. She was a member of the group of 
painters known as the "Philadelphia Ten."  
Her work was widely exhibited at the 
Philadelphia Academy of Fine Art, the 
Currier Art Gallery, the Ogunquit Art 
Center, San Antonio Art League, Buffalo 
Society of Fine Arts, Art Institute of Chicago
Corcoran Gallery, and the Moore College of Art and Design, among others.  


 
EMILE GRUPPE
(1896-1978)

Emile Gruppe, the son of painter Charles Gruppe, was born in Rochester, New York.  Part of his childhood was spent in Holland, where his father worked as an art dealer. In the United States he apprenticed to his uncle, a sign painter. He attended the National Academy School and the Art Students' League. Gruppe was a resourceful artist, teaching, painting posters for movies and prize fights, doing landscape backgrounds for an animal artist, and briefly working in advertising. He was one of the first artists in Rockport, Massachusetts to advertise his paintings for sale at a time when most artists sent their work to the city to be sold in galleries. After the Great Depression he spent winters painting in Vermont, rejoining his family each summer in Gloucester, Massachusetts, where he ran the Gruppe Summer School. Gruppe spent nearly sixty years working almost exclusively as a plein-air artist, until suffering a slight stroke in his late seventies. His work grew looser and freer as his career progressed. He is best known for his fishing scenes and views of Rockport. Gruppe exhibited widely throughout the United States and was a frequent award-winner. His works are in galleries, museums, and institutions throughout the country, including the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and the White House.


 

CHARLES ETHAN PORTER
(1847?-1923)

Only in the last two decades of the twentieth century has the work of African-American artist Charles Ethan Porter come to light.
A talented artist, Porter was born in or around Rockville, Connecticut to a poor family which could not afford to provide him with regular art lessons. Nevertheless, after high school he enrolled in the National Academy of Design, possibly becoming the first African-American to study there.  He traveled to Paris to study from 1881 to 1884 and exhibited at the National Academy from 1871 to 1886.

Porter returned to the Hartford area in the 1890s, though he periodically maintained a studio in New York City. Mark Twain became a champion and patron of Porter
and Hudson River School artist Frederic Church also purchased his work. Nevertheless, by the end of his career Porter was reduced to poverty, selling his paintings door to door and often bartering them for food. Porter is best known for his still lifes, particularly his floral paintings, which have been acclaimed for their uncontrived composition, great skill, and a lush, immediate beauty that has earned them a description as "masterpieces of American 
still life painting."
      
 
EDWARD MITCHELL BANNISTER
(1828-1901)

Edward M. Bannister was the first African-American to win major recognition as an artist. Bannister was born in Canada but moved to Boston where he worked as a barber while trying to establish a career as a portrait painter.  He was active in Abolitionist activities, and married Christiana Carteaux, a successful businesswoman who owned a number of hairdressing salons. In 1869 the couple moved to Providence, where Bannister later became one of the founders of the Providence Art Club.  

In 1876 Bannister was awarded a first-prize medal at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition for his painting Under the Oaks, which he submitted it to the jury with no identifying documentation other than his signature.  Of the moment that followed his appearance before the awards committee Bannister said, "an explosion could not have created more of a sensation in that room."

Bannister was largely self-taught, though he took a few classes with William Rimmer of Boston. He was greatly influenced by the French Barbizon school, whose serene depiction of nature and idealization of the laborer lent itself philosophically to his belief in the underlying harmony between "all created  things."  As he put greater emphasis on mood and nature, the prominence of both animals and figures in his paintings receded, and his most successful landscapes exhibit his masterful handling of the atmospheric effects of sky, land, and water.

 
ALLAN ROHAN CRITE
(b. 1910)

Born in Plainfield, New Jersey, Allan Rohan Crite is perhaps best known for his paintings of daily life in the neighborhoods of Boston which have been lost to urban renewal. Crite grew up in Boston, graduated from Boston Latin School and studied at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston and the Massachusetts School of Art.   During the Depression, Crite at first took part in federal and state art programs, but resigned as a WPA artist rather than apply for certification of eligibility for relief. He studied with Charles Woodbury, but gave up painting during World War II to support himself and his mother by working as a technical illustrator.  Following the war, he taught at several colleges and later worked as a librarian at the Harvard Extension School.

Crite's street scenes captured the everyday life of what were once the cohesive Boston neighborhoods of which he was a part. A deeply religious man, Crite produced many paintings, prints, and lithographs on religious themes and wrote several books on religion. His work has been widely exhibited at shows at the Boston Society of Independent Artists, the Harmon Foundation, the Corcoran Gallery, the American Negro Exposition of 1940, Howard University, the Fogg Art Museum, the Farnsworth Museum, and the National Center of Afro-American artists, among many others.  His work may be found in many prominent collections, including those of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, the Museum of Modern Art, the National Museum of American Art, the Smithsonian Institution, and the Boston Athenaeum.


EDWARD W. BEARMAN
(1916-1992)

Edward W. Bearman was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. As a young child in Clinton, Indiana, he developed a love of steam engines and locomotives which would become the focal point of his artistic career. Until the early 1950s, Bearman worked as an engineer on passenger and freight trains. He began to paint as a means of relaxation, and his initial works were of famous and lesser-known steam trains. He worked mostly in acrylics, generally painting on a surface measuring 20" x 30". He retired from the rail service in 1971 and dedicated his time to painting. 

Bearman's visits to the piers of New York fueled a new passion, for it was there that he encountered the great ocean greyhounds: the France, the Queen Mary and the Queen Elizabeth.  He began to paint ships in the category of 30 gross registered tons, starting with the Great Eastern to the turn of the century - the Titanic, Olympic, Britannic -- and other White Star liners, as well as the great Cunarders Lusitania, Mauretania, Aquitania, and Berengaria.

 Bearman was known for painting the latest version of a vessel after it had undergone structural changes. Of particular renown was his painting of the Normandie, a pains-takingly detailed 36" cutaway in acrylics revealing her vast and glorious interior.
Forty-eight of his earlier ship paintings were given to the Titanic Historical Society in 1987, which has them at the Marine Museum at Fall River, Massachusetts. 

 
ELISHA TAYLOR BAKER
(1827-1890)

Elisha Taylor Baker, a ship portrait painter,  was born in New York City and grew up in Colchester, Connecticut. He went to sea in 1851, but was working as a marine painter from around 1868 to 1880. He traveled throughout New England painting all types of ships, yachts, and steamboats.  

Enough information exists about Baker to tantalize us but not to give a detailed record of his career. He is thought to have traveled to the British Isles in the 1880s.  A surviving business card of his lists his occupation as "Marine Painter" and his address as "115 Pearl Street, 104 South Street, NY." Although known primarily as a ship painter, he may also have painted some landscapes. As late as 1979, only twenty-four paintings by Baker had been recorded; eleven others have been attributed to him. He signed his works in several ways, as "E. Taylor Baker;" "E.T. Baker;" or with a monogram of the three conjoined initials of his name.  

Baker died in 1890 in Orange, Connecticut.
His works are in the collections of the Kendall Whaling Museum in Sharon, Massachusetts, the Mariners' Museum in Newport News, Virginia, and the Mystic Seaport Museum in Connecticut.

 
EDMUND AYLBURTON WILLIS
(1808-1899)

Landscape painter E. A. Willis was born in 
Bristol, England.  He was active in New York City and Brooklyn from about 1852 until his death in Brooklyn in 1899.  Willis was particularly adept at rendering genre scenes as well as landscapes, often combining the two styles with great distinction. He exhibited at the National Academy from about 1852 to 1862. He signed his paintings variously as Edmund Aylburton Willis, A. Van Willis, A.V. Willis, and Edmund Van Willis. 


 
E.W. BEARMAN
(b. 1916)

Bearman was an American painter born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.  He attended  commercial art school, and subsequently made many trips to the Great Lakes, where he painted lake steamers.  His work is characterized by vivid color and strong flat planes in a modernist style, combined with  meticulous attention to detail. Throughout 
his career, a favorite subject was steamships.  A large collection of his works is housed in the Marine Museum of Fall River and the Titanic Historical Society in Springfield, Massachusetts.
  
 
TOREY ROSS
(b. 1875)

Torey Ross (born Torex Ross) was born in Gotthenburg, Sweden.  Though biographical information about the artist is sparse, it 
is known that he came to the United States and settled in Chicago.  He was a member of the Chicago Society of Artists, and exhibited at the Salons of America, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Society of Independent Artists in New York City (1924). 


 
ROBERT SWAIN GIFFORD
(1840-1905)

R. Swain Gifford was born on the island 
of Naushon near Martha's Vineyard.  As a teen he studied art in New Bedford with Benjamin Russell and the Dutch marine painter Albert Van Beest. He established a studio in Boston in 1864, and that year 
exhibited at the National Academy. Emboldened by his success, Gifford moved 
to New York City and became an associate member of the National Academy. During 
the 1860s and '70s he made extended sketching tours of the western United States, Europe, and North Africa. His gold medal at the 1876 Centennial Exposition established him as a major landscape painter. 

Gifford exhibited at the Boston Art Club, 
the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 
and the Brooklyn Art Association as well as 
at numerous expositions.  He had a keen interest in painting what was then termed "Oriental" (i.e., Near Eastern and North African) scenes.  He became an accomplished etcher, and illustrated books by William Cullen Bryant and on Harriman's Alaskan Expedition. From 1866 to 1896 he taught at the Cooper Union Art School in New York.   
His work is in the collections of major museums including the Boston Museum of Fine Arts and the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, D.C.
 
 
WILLIAM EDWARD NORTON
(1843-1916)

William E. Norton was born in Boston.  He graduated from the Lowell Institute in Boston and received a medical degree from Harvard. He became a painter, studying under George Inness, and then continued his studies in London and Paris.  In Paris he was the pupil of Jacquesson, de la Chevreuse and Vollon and exhibited at the Salon. Between 1878 and 1901 he exhibited at the Royal Academy in London. In the United States he exhibited in St. Louis, Philadelphia, and Boston, winning three gold medals and the Osborne Prize for Marine Painting. His painting are in the collections of the Museum of Fine Art, Boston; Altonaer Museum, Hamburg; the New Bedford Waling Museum; the Peabody Museum of Salem; and the Kendall Whaling Museum in Sharon, Massachusetts.     
 
JACK LORIMER GRAY
(1927-1981)

Jack Gray was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia. He studied at the Nova Scotia College of Art and the Montreal Museum of Fine Art under Arthur Lismer (of "The Seven") and Goodrich Roberts. His work hangs in the collections of the Mariners Museum, Newport News; Peabody Museum of Salem; Museum of the City of New York; U. S. Marine Corps Museum; and the Huntington Hartford Museum, among others. 
 
FANNY PALMER 
(1812-1876)

Frances Flora Bond was born in England to an upper-middle class family. She received her education at Miss Linwood's School for Young Ladies and was influenced by Mary Linwood, a professional woman who earned her living as the school's director and as an artist. After her marriage to Edmund Palmer, Fanny opened a print shop in 1841 in Leicester, England. Due to poor economic times the shop failed and the family emigrated to New York City.  In 1843-44 she opened F.& S. Palmer, a lithography and print shop. Fanny's reputation as an artist grew and she began to be published by Nathaniel Currier, who reportedly bought out her firm in 1851.  She went to work exclusively for Currier, and became the most versatile and prolific member of his staff. 

Palmer is credited with at least 200 signed lithographs and many smaller anonymous prints for Currier & Ives.  She created entire works, including the original art as well as its eventual lithograph. Because it was lithography that provided 19th century Americans with affordable quality artwork, it is said that Fanny Palmer's work hung in more American homes then any other.
Her work is known for its dramatic, deep-space landscape compositions with striated rocks and fringy foliage. Palmer's work is in the collections of the National Gallery and the Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco. 
 









Text


T. BAILEY
(pseud.)
early 20th century

"T. Bailey" was a fictitious painter, the creation of  "artist's representative" Morris Hambro (1860-1938), a London-born sign painter and salesman who came to the United States in 1865.  Between 1910 and 1938, Hambro purchased paintings from several artists and resold them as the work of a single artist, "T. Bailey."  It is not certain whether the artists were aware of and/or participated in his scheme, but it seems clear that Hambro purchased only unsigned works, to which he would affix the Bailey signature.  Hambro generally paid the painter $15 to $20 for a painting which he then sold for $50. The most popular paintings were those of a tall ship with unfurled sails, which Hambro sold door-to-door, mostly to businesses, on his travels to Boston, Worcester, New Bedford, Portland, Maine, Cape Cod, and Fall River. Some of the artists whose names have been suggested as the "T. Bailey" persona are Vivian Forsythe Porter (c. 1880-1982), William Frederick Paskell (1866-1951), Max Berman (died 1918), Melbourne C. Hardwick (of Nova Scotia, died 1916), Sears Thompson, J. G. Cloudman, Mae Bennet Brown, and possibly, Bill Porter.


 
D.A. FISHER
(1867-1940)

D.A. Fisher was a marine and landscape painter, listed variously as having lived in Portland, Maine and San Francisco.  Few details of his life are recorded, but he is known to have worked at the Cumberland County Power and Light Company along with Frederick J. Ilsey, another painter.  Ilsey was a member of a circle of artists in Portland known as "The Brushians."  Although Fisher was not a member of The Brushians, his works are similar to theirs in size, style, and subject matter.  Fisher is best known for his paintings of mountains and the Maine coast.
  
 
JOHN PERRY NEWELL
(1831-1898)

John Perry Newell was a lithographic artist and publisher.  He was born in Newport and went to Boston in 1848 to study lithography with John H. Bufford's firm.  He lived for many years in Newport, and from 1853-57 he traveled between Newport and Boston.  By the mid-1850s he was drawing ships and views of towns in Rhode Island and Massachusetts.  His lithographic views of Newport and Narragansett Bay met with great success, and during the 1870s he began to receive commissions from Newport residents to draw their mansions. 

Newell worked independently and with John H. Bufford, Endicott & Company, and Robertson, Siebert & Shearman.  He occasionally painted in oils, but these works are rare.  In the 1860s he sketched around Lake Champlain and is thought to have worked in Brussels in the 1870s.  In 1882 he moved to England, where he continued to make lithographs and worked as an art critic for several newspapers.   He died in Brighton in 1892.  
   
 
	
THOMAS WATERMAN WOOD
(1823-1903)

During his lifetime, Thomas W. Wood was popular as a painter of rural life and genre scenes of African-Americans.  He studied with Chester Harding of Boston and worked as a portraitist in Quebec, New York, and Baltimore before embarking on a study tour of Europe in 1858.  On his return to America, Wood worked again as a portrait painter in Nashville and Louisville until he moved to New York.  In 1867 he exhibited a group of paintings entitled War Episodes at the National Academy of Design.  These works, now at the Metropolitan Museum, depict African-American participation in the war and the transition from slavery to emancipation. They received great critical acclaim and Wood was subsequently elected to membership in the Academy, eventually serving as its president from 1890 to 1900.

Wood was also president of the American Water Color Society, a founder and president of the Artists Aid Society, and founder of the New York Etching Club.  In later years he returned to his birth-place, Montpelier, Vermont, and established the Wood Art Gallery which houses over two hundred of his works. His works are also at the Speed Museum in Louisville, the New York State Historical Society in Cooperstown, the Shelburne Museum, the University of Kentucky, and the Tennessee State Museum.
     	
 
WILLIAM RITSCHEL
(1864-1949)

William Ritschel was born in Nuremburg, Germany. He studied at the Royal Academy in Munich for several years and traveled the world as a sailor. He emigrated to New York City and later settled in California, where he built a stone studio and home overlooking the Pacific Ocean in the Carmel Highlands. He exhibited throughout the United States and Europe, winning international acclaim for his paintings of the sea.  His work appeared at  the Boston Art Club, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, the Corcoran Gallery, the National Academy of Design, the Paris Salon, and the Pan-Pacific Exposition.  

Ritschel was a member of many prestigious art organizations, including the Paris Art Club, Allied Artists of America, the Bohemian Club, the Salmagundi Club, the National Academy of Design, and the Societe des Beaux Arts et Lettres. His works are in the collections of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, the St. Louis Art Museum, the Fort Worth Art Museum, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.                                 

 
ANNA RICHARDS BREWSTER
(1870-1952)

Anna Richards Brewster studied and traveled with her father, painter William Trost Richards, before studying at the Cowles Art School in Boston and the National Academy.  From 1890 to 1895 she painted with her father in the British Isles and studied in Paris.  She established a studio in London in 1895, becoming acquainted with members of the Pre-Raphaelite circle, exhibiting at the Royal Academy, and taking painting trips to France, Norway, and Holland.

In 1905 she married Professor William Brewster, and for more than three decades   she and her husband spent summers in Matunuck, Rhode Island, winters in New York, and sabbaticals abroad, providing her with the opportunities to produce the many paintings and sketches of foreign lands for which she is known.  She continued to paint after the death of her only child, a young son, in 1910.  Her work was featured on a cover of The Literary Digest and in a World War I poster for the Red Cross. She exhibited independently and at the National Academy, and was commissioned by Columbia University to paint several portraits.  Her paintings are in the collections of Harvard University, Barnard College, Georgia Museum of Art, New Britain Museum of American Art, the Lyman Allyn Museum, and the Indianapolis Museum of Art.

 
ANNA RICHARDS BREWSTER
(1870-1952)

Anna R. Brewster studied and traveled extensively with her father, landscape painter William Trost Richards, as well as at the Cowles Art School in Boston, the National Academy in New York, and the Art Students League.  She was a pupil of William Merritt Chase and Dennis Miller Bunker.  She established a studio in London in 1895, but after her marriage in 1905 she spent summers in Matunuck, Rhode Island, winters in New York, and sabbaticals with her husband in Europe, where she continued to paint.  Her paintings are in the collections of Columbia and Harvard Universities, the New Britain Museum of American Art, Indianapolis Museum and the Lyman Allyn Museum.
   
 
SAMUEL WALTERS
(1811-1882)

Not a great deal is known about the English painter Samuel Walters, though his works are represented in many marine art collections throughout the United States, Europe and Britain. Walters was born at sea in November 1811, the third son of seaman and shipwright Miles Walters. The younger Walters studied at the Liverpool Academy and was listed in the Liverpool city directories from 1834 to 1843. He worked with his father, who in 1832 was listed as an artist in the Liverpool directory, from about 1820 to 1849, when the senior Walters died. The two signed their work "Walters and Son." 

Samuel Walters traveled in England and Holland and moved to London in 1845. Two years later he had returned to Liverpool. He exhibited in the Liverpool Academy from 1842 to 1861. Among the many institutional collections where his work is represented are the City of Liverpool Museums, the Detroit Institute of Art, Mystic Seaport Museum, the New York Historical Society, the Peabody Museum, the Philadelphia Maritime Museum, and Sailor's Snug Harbor in Staten Island.

 
CHARLES SIDNEY RALEIGH
(1830-1925)

Although Charles S. Raleigh was born in Gloucester, England, his career as a self-taught artist centered around the whaling city of New Bedford, Massachusetts. Details of his early life are unknown, but he is said to have run away from home at age ten. He served as a merchant seaman on several vessels until he was forty years old.  In 1870 Raleigh settled in New Bedford and apprenticed himself to William Caswell, a painting contractor, and setting up a studio as a commercial marine artist. He later moved to Monument Beach in Bourne, where he established himself as a decorative house and carriage painter.  

Raleigh relied on first-hand accounts of New Bedford whalemen to execute his paintings, for despite his years at sea he had no direct experience of whaling.  The four hundred whaleship portraits he painted are known for their intricate renderings of rigging and shipboard protocol. His paintings are now at the Peabody Museum, Bourne Town Hall, the  Shelburne Museum, Kendrick House in Wareham, Massachusetts, the Metropolitan Museum, Mystic Seaport Museum, and the Mariners' Museum.  Eighteen of the original twenty-two panels of his highly-acclaimed panorama depicting the voyage of the whaleship Niger are in the collection of the New Bedford Whaling Museum.
 
 
PAUL MORO
(1886-1953)

Paul Moro emigrated to New York from 
Italy in 1909, working as a copyist of Barbizon paintings and a painting restorer until opening a successful conservation studio of his own. He moved to the Bronx in 1915 and painted landscapes in vicinity of the Bronx Zoo and the Botanical Garden. After moving to Peekskill  in 1925, Moro, who had often painted copies of then-fashionable 16th century Italian still-lifes to support himself, produced much of the highly personal work featuring members of his family.  He painted exuberant scenes in thick impasto of his children at play, his wife sewing or doing laundry, and family excursions.  

Moro exhibited at the New York Academy of Design for the last time in 1934, when his work in conservation became so consuming that he was left with little time to paint. The Florence Lewison Gallery held an exhibit of his work in 1964.  The Hirschhorn Museum purchased several paintings, but others were re-purchased by his children over the years, and the bulk of Moro's oeuvre remains in his family.   In 1999 the Roger King Gallery of Fine Art was selected to represent his estate.

 
CHARLES HENRY GIFFORD
(1839-1904)

Charles Henry Gifford was born in the seaport town of Fairhaven, neighboring New Bedford, during the heyday of the whaling industry. The son of a ship's carpenter, he was first apprenticed to that trade, then learned shoemaking, but abandoned both to fight in the Civil War. He was a prisoner of war in a Confederate prison, where he developed chronic health problems that plagued him for the rest of his life. Upon his return to Fairhaven at the end of the war, he devoted himself to painting. He was essentially self-taught, but was exposed to the rich artistic milieu of New Bedford. William Bradford, Albert Bierstadt, Albert Van Beest, 
R. Swain Gifford, and Albert Pinkham Ryder were among the artists who lived, worked, or exhibited in the city. Many years later Gifford wrote: "What set me to painting was...seeing an exhibition of Bierstadt's paintings...I was so enthused that I came home, got some cloth and paint and went right to work."

Gifford was a typical Luminist painter, concerned with both subtle and dramatic effects of light, stillness, precise realism, and softly glowing surfaces. He is perhaps best known for the small canvases measuring about nine by fourteen inches, which he called "my little gems." He painted along the New England coast, including Nantucket, Cuttyhunk, and the Elizabeth Islands, and inland to the White Mountains and as far as Niagara Falls and Lake George. Toward the end of his career he worked more frequently in watercolor, where his renditions of both naturalistic detail and subtle atmospheric effects often reached their apex.

 
CHARLES HENRY GIFFORD
(1839-1904)

Charles Gifford was a self-taught Luminist painter from Fairhaven, Massachusetts.  After serving in the Civil War he established a studio in New Bedford above an art store owned by L. B. Ellis. Gifford was influenced by Albert Bierstadt, whose works prompted him to paint, and by other members of New Bedford's artistic community, including William Bradford, Albert Van Beest, and R. Swain Gifford. The association with Ellis was a fortuitous one, with Ellis framing and displaying the small pictures Gifford called "my little gems." Gifford was best known for his seascapes; and in later years became a master in watercolor, painting with great success both minute detail and the effects of atmosphere and light on water and air.
     

 

HENRY CADY
(1849-1935)

In addition to his talents as a painter and photo-engraver, Henry Cady was also a composer and author.  He studied at Brown University and the National Academy of Design, and was a prominent member of the Providence Art Club.  He exhibited at the National Academy, the World's Fair of 1893  in Chicago, the St. Louis Exposition, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, and the Art Institute of Chicago, among other venues. 
He was an illustrator for several national magazines, and wrote books under the name Wallace P. Stanley.  Cady was born and died in Warren, Rhode Island.  In 1985 his work was featured in a retrospective exhibition at the Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, Italy, and again in 1996 at the Bert Gallery in Providence, Rhode Island.
 





(b. Germany, 1814)

A sea captain born in Blumenthal, 
CAPT. FRITZ MULLER

Germany, Muller settled in Bremen in 1841, where he produced a number of fine, large paintings.  He portrayed local vessels, 
mainly full-rigged ships and barques.  His well-balanced compositions often included coastal or harbor views and other ships.  After moving to Bremen, Muller was active 
as a private teacher for nautical practice 
and for drawing. 

In 1848 Muller joined the First Federal German Fleet, which existed for only a short time. He emigrated to the northern United States sometime between 1854 and 1861, where he enlisted in the Civil War. He was apparently killed in action, for no further trace of him exists. Nowadays his paintings rarely appear in the art trade.
(adapted from "Ship Portrait Artists" by 
Karsten Buchholz) 




ROBERT SWAIN GIFFORD





 


James Gardner Babbidge
(1844-1914)

James Babbidge was born in Rockland, Maine in 1844.  After his discharge from the U.S.Navy, Babbidge began painting and opened his first studio in 1875.  He worked primarily in oil, watercolor and charcoal.  Babbidge is best known for his marine paintings.



Anna de Ballarini
( 1820 - 1906 )

Anna de Ballerini was born in Trente, France November 11, 1820.  She studied throughout Europe as a landscape artist using both oil paint and watercolor.  She achieved great success in her career as a portrait artist before her death February 6, 1906 in Pergine, France.  Anna was the niece of Domenico de Ballarini.




WILLEM-JACOBUS BOOGAARD
(1842-1887)

Willem Boogaard was a Dutch painter.   
Born in Haarlem, for most of his career he worked in Rotterdam.  He was a student of Pieter-Frederick van Os.  A versatile artist, Boogaard is known for his genre scenes including depictions of canals, farms, and stables, as well as still lifes of flowers and fruit.  His works have been exhibited and collected throughout Europe and the 
United States.
 
EMIL CARLSEN
(1853-1932)

Soren Emil Carlsen was born in Copenhagen, Denmark.  He originally trained as an architect at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Copenhagen and at the Danish Royal Academy.  In 1872 he came to the United States and worked as an architect' s assistant.  He studied painting with Laurits Holst, though as a painter he was largely self-taught.  Carlsen studied briefly at the Art Institute of Chicago, but in 1875 traveled to Paris, where he studied at the Academie Julian.  While in France, he was inspired by the work of the painter Jean-Baptiste Chardin, whose influence can be seen in Carlsen's still lifes.  In America, Carlsen became known as the most important figure in the Chardin revival of the nineteenth century.  In contrast, Carlsen's later work, particularly his  landscapes and seascapes, show the influences of tonalism and impressionism.
Carlsen spent four years in San Francisco as a teacher and director of the California School of Design. He returned to New York
in 1891, teaching at the National Academy of Design and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts through 1918.  Throughout his career, Carlsen was awarded with numerous prizes and medals; he exhibited widely at the Boston Art Club, the National Academy of Design, the Carnegie Institute, the Paris Salon, the Wadsworth Athenaeum, and numerous other museums, expositions, and galleries.  Today his works may be found in the collections of the Brooklyn Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the National Gallery of Art, and the Rhode Island School of Design, to name but a few. 
 
WILLIAM HOLLAND DRURY
(1888-1960)

William Drury, painter and etcher, was born in Fitchburg, Massachusetts.  He studied at the Rhode Island School of Design, at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, with Edmund Tarbell, and at the Ogunquit School in Maine with Charles Woodbury.  Drury later became a member of the faculty at the Rhode Island School of Design and was a founder and president of the Newport Art Club and  Museum.  
Drury exhibited at the Newport Art Club, 
the Art Institute of Chicago, the New York World's Fair of 1939, and the National Academy of Design.  He was a member of the Providence Art Club, the Providence Water Color Club, California Printmakers, and the Society of American Graphic Artists.  His work may be found in the collections of the Rhode Island School of Design, the National Gallery of Art, the Brooklyn Museum, the Los Angeles Museum of Art, the Library of Congress, and the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.
 
JOHN WHETTEN EHNINGER
(1827-1889)

John Whetten Ehninger was born in 1827 to an old Dutch family in New York City.  In 1847, he graduated from Columbia College and, like many American artists of his generation, he went abroad to Europe for further study.  At the Dusseldorf Academy, Ehninger became a student of Leutze, Sohn and Lessing, and, in Paris, he practiced with Thomas Couture.  Upon his return around 1853, he settled in NYC and launched a career as a painter and illustrator, eventually being published in an edition of the writings of Washington Irving.
Ehninger's genre paintings, for which he is best known, express "familiar American folkloric themes," his subjects being Post-Civil War rural families, situated in idealized New England and Southern plantation surroundings.  The European Academies influenced Ehninger, and other genre painters of the time, to produce scenes exact in detail, but historical, literary or sentimental in conception.  By the end of the nineteenth century and well into the twentieth, this compromise resulted in works that were considered to be both honest representations of and solemn tributes to a diminished agricultural way of life.
In 1854, Ehninger was elected an associate of the National Academy of Design and became a full academician five years later.  He was also a frequent exhibitor at several private Eastern galleries during the 1850s and 1860s.  Following another trip abroad, Ehninger resided briefly in Newport, RI, and married, and, in 1872, relocated to Saratoga Springs, New York.  John W. Ehninger died in 1889.
 

LOUIS ASTON KNIGHT
(1873-1948)

Landscape painter Louis Aston Knight was born in Paris in 1873, the son of noted painter Daniel Ridgway Knight.  Aston Knight studied with the French painters Lefebvre and Robert-Fleury as well as with his father.  He was an accomplished painter in his own right, and exhibited widely in Europe, where he was the recipient of many awards and honors.  He exhibited at the Paris Salon and expositions in Rheims, Lyons, Nantes, and Geneva, winning gold medals at each.  In the United States, he exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and the Corcoran Gallery.  He was a member of the Rochester Art Club, and was named a Knight of the Legion of Honor in 1920.  He died in 1948 in New York City.  
Knight's works are represented in the collections of the Luxembourg Museum, the Musee des Colonies in Paris, the Rochester Memorial Art Gallery, and the Toledo Museum of Art, and other institutions in the United States.
   

 
MARY JANE PEALE
(1827-1902)

Born into one of the most distinguished artistic families in America, Mary Jane Peale was the daughter of Rubens Peale and granddaughter of famed painter, scientist, and inventor Charles Willson Peale.  She studied with her uncle Rembrandt Peale and with Thomas Sully.  Peale was born in New York City, where her father managed one of the three museums established by her grandfather, and where she first received the exposure to natural history and science which would later inform her work.  Her style was called "botanic-derivative" and was practiced mainly by members of the Peale family in a continuous still-life tradition.  
In an era when female artists were limited to painting ornamental objects, Peale built a career as a portrait painter in New York City.  She exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts with paintings of other Peale women, and was admitted to life classes at the Academy in 1878, following several years in Paris.  She eventually returned to her family's farm in Pottsville, Pennsylvania, where she is known to have helped teach her father, whose poor eyesight had precluded a professional artistic career, to paint; they collaborated on numerous still lifes.  Mary Jane Peale remained single and died in Pottsville in 1902.  
 
FRANK WARREN MARSHALL
(1866-1930)

Frank Marshall, Providence-born 
painter, illustrator, and teacher, was known as "the dean of Rhode Island newspaper illustrators."  He studied at the Rhode Island School of Design and the Academie Julian in Paris.  He was a staff member of the Providence Journal from 1897 to 1923, and taught at RISD for twenty years.  Marshall was best known for his landscapes of Rhode Island, Cape Ann (Massachusetts), and Boothbay, Maine.  For many years he summered in Boothbay and was active in the artists colony there.  He was also a talented silversmith and goldsmith who created his own jewelry, which he set with stones.  Marshall was a founding member of the Providence Art Club, the Providence Water Color Club, and the Commonwealth Colony of Art in Boothbay.  Marshall also exhibited at the Boston Art Club and the Boston Society of Arts and Crafts.
 

ARTHUR VIDAL DIEHL
(1870-1929)

Arthur Diehl was born in London and came to New York around 1891.  He was largely self-taught, though there is some speculation that he studied for a time in Milan, Italy.  Diehl was penniless when he arrived in New York; to make ends meet he did piecework painting, such as decorating snuff box tops.  Through the years, he had studios in a 
variety of locations throughout New Jersey (Englewood Cliffs, Lakewood, and Asbury Park), Massachusetts (Truro, Boston, Springfield, Worcester, Bourne,and Provincetown), Connecticut (Hartford and New Haven), Providence, Rhode Island, 
and St. Augustine, Florida.  
Diehl was best known for his paintings of sand dunes, beach scenes, and harbor 
scenes of Cape Cod.   He was known to have completed his paintings rapidly and from memory.  Around 1921, Fox Movietone 
made a short movie of Diehl painting at Provincetown.  Diehl, who never sold his work through a dealer or gallery, was also 
a talented singer and pianist.  His work was 
exhibited at the Royal Academy in England 
as well as in the United States.




 

FRITZ SONDERLAND
(1836-1896)

Fritz Sonderland was a German painter of genre scenes.  He was born in Dusseldorf, the son of Johann Baptist Wilhelm Sonderland, a a painter, illustrator, and lithographer of note.  The younger Sonderland was a student at the Dusseldorf Academy and of the painter Friedrich-Peter Hiddemann.    Sonderland's work has been exhibited throughout Europe, where it has received numerous awards 
and prizes.  







CHARLES WILLIAM HUDSON
(1871-1943)

Boston-born Charles Hudson studied at the School of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts under the artists Grundman, Tarbell, and Benson.  He was a member of the Boston Art Club and the New York Water Color Club.  He exhibited at the Boston Art Club and the Art Institute of Chicago.  His works are in  collections at the Fogg Art Museum, the Middlesex School in Concord, Massachusetts, and Beloit College in Wisconsin.








 

      
BETTIE J. SARANTOS
MIXED MEDIA- WATER COLOR-CHINESE PAINTING- OILS- PRINTMAKING
Bettie J. Sarantos has participated in numerous one-person and juried exhibitions in America and China and is currently featured in the inaugural issue of Rhode Island's first on-line magazine "About Rhode Island."  She is listed in the 23rd edition of "Who's Who in American Art."  Memberships include  the Copley Society in Boston, Charter Member of National Museum of Women in the Arts (Washington, DC), SUMI-E Society of America, Inc., Providence (RI) Art Club and American Artists of Chinese Brush Painting.
Sarantos has traveled to China three times and has studied at the prestigious Zhejiang Academy of Fine Arts.  Memorable workshops include Dong Kingman, Nathan Goldstein, Charles Movalli, Frank Webb, Charles Reid, Barbara Necchis, Betty Lou Schlem and Professor I-Hsiung Ju.
Sarantos teaches Chinese painting and is Director of the Roger King Gallery of Fine Art in Newport.
 
THOMAS MORAN
(1837-1926)

Thomas Moran's panoramic landscape paintings of the American West influenced the United States Congress to establish Yellowstone Park and the national park system.  Mount Moran in the Grand Teton Mountains was named for him.
Moran was born in England but arrived in the United States with his family when he was seven.  For a time he worked as an etcher, engraver, and lithographer. Following his marriage to Mary Nimmo, an etcher, Moran embarked upon a European study trip, where he was greatly impressed by the works of  painters J.M.W. Turner and Claude Lorrain.  Upon his return to the United States, he traveled often to the West to paint his great panoramic scenes, softening the rugged landscape with the play of light and atmosphere.  
Scribner's Monthly commissioned Moran to illustrate the first scientific expedition to the Yellowstone Valley in 1870.  The following year he joined William H. Jackson on the Hayden Geological Survey Expedition to the Yellowstone Territory.  He traveled to Yosemite and in 1873 accompanied John Wesley Powell on the expedition through the Grand Canyon.  From 1873, Moran signed his paintings with his monogram; he applied his distinctive thumbprint by 1911.
Moran was one of the first artists to build a summer home in East Hampton on Long Island.  In 1916 he moved to Santa Barbara, California, where he remained until his death in 1926.  His paintings are in the collections of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Metropolitan Museum, the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, the National Museum of American Art, and the Smithsonian Institution, among many others.
 CHARLES H. HAYDEN
(1856-1901)

Landscape painter Charles Hayden was born in Belmont, Massachusetts.  He studied art at the Boston Museum School, and in Paris with Boulanger, Lefebvre, and R. Collin.  He was awarded an honorable mention at the Paris Exposition of 1889 and a bronze medal at the Paris Exposition of 1900.  In America, his awards included the Jordon Prize in Boston, 1895, and a silver medal at the Atlanta Exposition that same year.  Hayden was a member of the Boston Water Color Club, and upon his death was a benefactor of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.  His work is represented in the collections of the Corcoran Art Gallery and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
 WILLIAM MASON BROWN
(1828-1898)

William Mason Brown was born in Troy, New York and studied there with portraitist Abel Buel Moore.  In 1850 Brown moved to Newark, New Jersey, where he began to paint landscapes.  In 1858 he moved to Brooklyn.  At that time Brown's landscapes were in the flowing style of romanticism, looking back to the work of Thomas Cole.  
In the 1860s, Brown made a transition to painting still lifes, encouraged in this area by the successful sale of his painting "A Basket of Peaches," to a New York City dealer.  This new subject matter reflected a dramatic change in Brown's approach and technique, substituting the broad brushwork of the landscapes for a meticulous, near-photographic effect.  The precision of this style was well suited to the new printing process of chromolithography; Brown's work was lithographed by Currier and Ives and the widely distributed reproductions enhanced his reputation  as a leading painter.  Brown exhibited annually at the National Academy of Design from 1859 to 1890.
(adapted from American Art Analog)
 
    C. MYRON CLARK
(1876-1925)

Myron Clark was an American marine artist who worked in both oils and watercolors.  His work is represented in the collections of the Peabody Museum in Salem, Massachusetts.  A favorite subject was the U.S.S. Constitution, of which Clark painted several versions.
 
RUTH PAYNE BURGESS
(1865-1934)

Ruth Payne Burgess was born in Montpelier, Vermont, in 1865.  She was a painter and etcher, specializing in portraits of dignitaries, still lifes, and genre scenes.  While attending the New York Art Students League, Burgess, born Ruth Jewett, studied under Brush, Cox, Beckwith and Melchers, and also had the good fortune to travel to Germany and Italy.  In 1885, Ruth Jewett married Professor John W. Burgess and resided in Newport, RI.  She had several solo and group exhibitions in the New York area and became a member of the New York Women's Art Club in 1899.  From 1905 to 1910, Burgess served as the organization's President.  She was also a member of the American Watercolor Society and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.  Burgess died in New York City in 1934.
 
WILLIAM BAPTISTE BAIRD
(1847-1899)

William Baird was born in Chicago.  He studied with Adolphe Yvan  in Paris, where he was active as a painter from 1872 to 1899.  A versatile painter, Baird is known for his genre, landscape, marine, and lake paintings, as well as for his depictions of farms and animals.  
 

EDWARD MITCHELL BANNISTER
(1828 - 1901)

Edward Bannister was born in St. Andrews, New Brunswick.  His artistic talent was apparent at an early age.   At 20, Bannister moved to Boston and enrolled in art classes at the Lowell Institute.  There he studied painting and anatomy there under the renowned professor, Dr. William Rimmer.  During the 1860's Bannister moved to New York City and processed solar prints with a Broadway photographer.  In 1870 he moved to Providence, Rhode Island, established a studio, and taught to a large community of student artists.  
Bannister was one of the first African-American artists to receive a national award at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition for his painting, "Under the Oaks."  He was also one of the founders of the Providence Art Club.  Despite his success, Bannister died a poor man.  A memorial committee composed of leading artists of the day and Providence Art Club members raised funds to erect a boulder near Bannister's grave with a bronze palette and scroll to honor his memory.  Bannister is well known for his pastoral and religious scenes and his portraits.  His work is privately collected and in museum collections throughout the United States.



Frederick S. Batcheller
(1837 - 1889)

Frederick Batcheller was born in 1837. The son of a Providence highway commissioner, Batcheller disappointed his family by pursuing a career in art instead of music as his vocation.  He left his studies in piano and violin to become an apprentice to Tingley Brothers marble carvers.  
After his initial attempt at painting, Batcheller moved into an apartment with fellow artist John N. Arnold, and painted full time.  Although most admired for his still lifes, he also painted landscapes.  George Whittaker dubbed him "The Romantic" for his frequent lapses into melancholy during which he would lock himself in his studio and spend long hours rendering haunting melodies on his violin.
Batcheller ultimately became a premier still life painter.  His work is in many major museums and private collections.


Reynolds Beal
(1867 - 1951) 

American Impressionist Reynolds Beal was born in New York City in 1867. He first studied in Europe, primarily in Madrid, before beginning a formal study of art under William Merritt Chase.  Beal's colors are fresh and light, his fascination with boats and the sea is evident in his work.  Although he was intimately acquainted with yacht construction, his artist's eye was less concerned with the sea worthiness of a vessel than with its evanescent wind governed relationship to water and air.  Another favorite Beal subject was the circus.


AGNES ANNE ABBOT
(1897-1992)

Agnes A. Abbot was born in Potsdam, Germany, in 1897.  She studied at the School of Fine Arts and Crafts, 
Boston, with C. Howard Walker, Katherine B. Child; Aldro T.  Hibbard; Charles H. Woodbury. 
Abbot was a member of the American Watercolor Society; National Association of Women Artists; Gloucester Society of Artists; Boston Art Club; Boston Society of Artists; College Art Association.
She exhibited at the Wocester Museum of Art, 1935; Grace Horne Gallery, Boston, 1931, 1937, 1939; Margaret Brown Gallery, 1946.  
Her works are seen at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts; Fogg Museum of Art.  She held a teaching position at Wellesley College 1943-1947.
She died in 1992.

 

REYNOLDS BEAL
(1867 - 1951)

American Impressionist Reynolds Beal was born in New York City in 1867. He first studied in Europe, primarily in Madrid, before beginning a formal study of art under William Merritt Chase. 
Beal's colors are fresh and light, his fascination with boats and the sea is evident in his work.  Although he was intimately acquainted with yacht construction, his artist's eye was less concerned with the sea worthiness of a vessel than with its evanescent wind governed relationship to water and air.  Another favorite Beal subject was the circus.
 


Carle Michel Boog
(1877 -      )

Carle Michel Boog was born in Lucerne, Switzerland in 1877.  He studied under Bonnat at L'Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris and at the Art Students League in New York City.  He held many exhibitions of his work and is now in collections in the Historical Museum in Bennington, Vermont; the Museum of the City of New York; and the University of Nebraska, Kansas.  
 
BRIAN BECKEN
Brian Becken began his formal art training at the Concoran School of Art when he was just fourteen years old.  At Reed College in Portland, Oregon, he majored in English literature while studying painting and drawing with Willard Midgette.  In addition, he was a student of music composition and, upon graduation, Becken planned to become a popular songwriter.  Eventually growing dissatisfied with his musical progress, he pursued his interest in the art market, buying and selling antique paintings.  This led Becken to become intimately familiar with the works of Degas, Monet, Hassam, and Chase, as well as other late nineteenth and early twentieth century American and European painters.
Beginning in 1979, Becken attended the Rhode Island School of Design and the Art Student's League in New York, once again a student of drawing and painting.  He is currently a resident of Providence, Rhode Island, composing New England beach scenes in the warm season, and indoor studies and figure work during the cold season.  The depictions of figures on the beach, for which he is best known, result from Becken's desire to continue in the tradition of the beach paintings of Edward Henry Potthast and William Merritt Chase, among others.         


Sidney Lawrence Brackett
Sidney L. Lawrence was born in Boston, Massachusetts.  He studied under John B. Johnson and Frederic P. Vinton and was a member of the Boston Art Club. Lawrence is well known for his finely detailed portraits of animals.  His work is in museums and private collections throughout the United States.
 

WILLIAM BRADFORD
(1830 -1892)

William Bradford was born in New Bedford, Massachusetts.  He was a self-taught painter but influenced by Van Beest whose studio at Fairhaven he shared for two years.  Bradford accompanied several expeditions to the North Pole where he painted Arctic scenes. He is also well known for his marine paintings.  




Anna Richards Brewster
(1870 - 1953)

Anna Richards Brewster was the daughter of painter William Trost Richards.  She was born in Germantown, Pennsylvania in 1870. Brewster studied at the Cowles School of Art, the Boston School of Art and the Art Students League.  She was a pupil of William Merritt Chase, Dennis Bunker, and H.S. Mowbray in America, and of Constant and Laurens in Paris.  Brewster was a member of the National Academy of Women Painters and Sculptors.
 


Anna Richards Brewster
(1870 - 1952)

Anna Richards Brewster was born on April 3, 1870, the daughter of noted seascape painter William Trost Richards.  Brewster traveled and studied with her father for several years before entering the Cowles Art School in Boston where she studied under Bunker.  Her work showed immediate success and in 1888 Cowles awarded her a "First Scholarship in Ladies Life Classes". The following year she studied at the National Academy as a pupil of Mowbray, LaFarge and Chase.  Brewster won the Dodge Award from the academy for the best picture by a woman artist in an exhibition.  Between 1890 and 1895 she painted with her father in England, Ireland and Scotland and studied in Paris with Constant and Laurens.
In 1895 Brewster moved to England where she anticipated the chance for a career would be greater.  Her first year was spent a Clovelly in Devon before she established a studio at Cheyne Gardens in Chelsea, London. From there Brewster took painting trips to the Isles, France, Norway, Holland. She made friends in the English art circles among them members of the Pre-Raphaelite movement and George Frederick Watts.
In 1905, at the age of thirty-five and a few months before her father's death, Anna Richards married Professor William T. Brewster and returned with him to America.  She and her husband spent summers in Matunuck, Rhode Island, where their only child was born. The Brewsters spent winters in New York and sabbaticals abroad, a cycle they followed for thirty-two years despite the tragic death in 1910 of their beloved son.    
Brewster continued painting many sketches as she traveled in America and Europe with her husband.  Her work was exhibited at the National Academy and at several one-woman shows in New York. Her paintings are in the collections of Harvard University, Barnard College, Georgia Museum of Art, Butler Museum of American Art, New Britain Museum of American Art, Lyman Allyn Museum, Indianapolis Museum of Art and in numerous private collections.    

 

ALFRED THOMPSON BRICHER
(1837 - 1908)

Alfred Thompson Bricher was born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire in 1837. He was a well known marine and landscape painter. While working as a businessman in Boston, Bricher studied art in his leisure time at the Lowell Institute. In 1858 he devoted himself completely to a career in art.  Bricher remained in the Boston area until he moved to New York in 1868.  He exhibited at the Boston Athenaeum and at the National Academy of Design in New York City.  He was elected an Associate Member of the National Academy in 1879, and also of the American Water Color Society.  He died on Staten Island in 1908.
 



Grafton Tyler Brown
Grafton Tyler Brown was the earliest known African-American artist to work on the West Coast.  He made his living as a lithographer, painter, and draftsman.  Born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, probably to free parents, Brown was living in California by 1862 when he was listed in the San Francisco directory as a lithographer. California, which had been admitted to the Union in 1850, had a constitution which specifically prohibited slavery.  Brown and his family may have moved west between 1849 and 1851 when this situation prompted a large number of African-Americans to migrate.
Grafton Brown began his career at Kuchel and Dresel, a San Francisco lithography company.  He worked as a draftsman, specializing in views of California cities and mining towns.  In 1867 he bought the business, renaming it G.T. Brown & Co.  During the 1860's Brown also mastered oil painting, and in 1872 sold the lithography business to devote himself full time to painting.
Brown traveled along the West Coast of the United States and as far north as British Columbia, settling in Portland in 1866.  Brown continued to paint the landscape of California, the Nevada Territory, and Pacific Northwest until the 1890s.  He eventually returned to drafting after his marriage in 1896.
Grafton Tyler Brown was a pioneer artist who aimed, like other early western painters, to create a literal reproduction of what he saw.  His oil paintings often have a primitive, flat quality that may reflect his years as a draftsman.  His work has much in common with folk art in which equal emphasis is given to each part of the composition. 
 



RALPH ALBERT BLAKELOCK
(1847-1919)

Ralph Blakelock was born in New York He attended the Free Academy of the City for a short time until he decided to paint.  Blakelock was a self-taught artist and traveled the far west from California to Panama painting landscapes.  He used the technique of layering paint thickly and scraping some away or adding more to build tonality and create a mystical atmosphere and ominous light.
At the age of twenty he began to show his work, in the realist style, at the National Academy of Design which he was an associate member of in 1913 and a full member in 1916.  He held an exhibition in the Paris Expo in 1900.  He was awarded First Hallgarten Prize in 1899 and Honorable Mention in 1892.  However, he did not become well recognized and named an academician by the National Academy of Design until 1916 after he had been confined to a mental hospital because of economic stress.
His collections are in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Whitney Museum of American Art, Carnegie Institute and the Brooklyn Museum, New York; the Corcoran Gallery of Art and the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC; the Newark Museum and the Montclair Museum of Art, New Jersey; the Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts; the Hackley Art Gallery, Muskegon, Michigan; the Cincinnati Museum, Ohio; the St. Louis Museum, Missouri; and the Milwaukee Art Center, Wisconsin.
 


Harrison Bird Brown
(1831 - 1915)

Harrison Brown is also known as Henry Box Brown.  He is one of the most celebrated painters in his home state of Maine.  During his career he was greatly influenced by Charles Codman (1800 - 1842). Brown exhibited at the National Academy of Art in New York and his work is in the collection of the Peabody Museum in Salem, Massachusetts. He also exhibited in Europe, residing for 23 years in London until his death in 1915.
 


John George Brown
(1831 - 1913)

John George Brown was born in England in 1831.  He was a genre painter who first studied at Newcastle-on-Tyne and the Edinburgh Academy before traveling to the United States in 1853 to study at the National Academy of Design in New York. Brown was elected to the National Academy in 1863.  He is represented in the Metropolitan Museum in New York City and the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, DC.
 


Walter F. Brown
(1853 - 1929)

Walter F. Brown was born in Providence, Rhode Island in 1853.  He attended Brown University and was a member of the Providence Art Club.   Brown traveled to Europe to study under Gerome and Bonnat in Paris.  He specialized in scenes of Venice, his adopted home.  Brown also illustrated several books; "A Tramp Abroad" by Mark Twain and "Roger Williams" by Charles Miller.




Hugo August Bernhard Breul
(1854 - 1910)

Hugo Breul was born in Saalfield, Germany in 1854.  He  studied with Wilmarth, Seitz and Lindenschmidt in Germany.  In New York, Breul was a pupil of Chase and in Paris he studied under Boulanger and LeFebvre.  Breul was a prolific painter of portraits, figures, seascapes, landscapes and animals.  By 1883 Breul had established a studio in Providence, Rhode Island.  He was an early member of the Providence Art Club.  
Hugo Breul's work is in the collections of the Providence Art Club, Providence Public Library, Athenaeum, Brown University, Providence City Hall and the Rhode Island State House.

 
CAREL EUGENE MULERTT
(1869-1915)

Carel Eugene Mulertt was born in Brunswick,
Germany. For time he lived in Holland, but later he settled in Clelveland, Ohio.  He studied at the 
Academie Julian  in Paris with Robert- Fleury,
Lefebvre, Ferrier, Bouguereau, and Constant, some of the most prominent teachers of his day.  Mulertt exhibited at the Paris Salon throughout the 1890s.
 
ALFRED-ARTHUR BRUNEL DE NEUVILLE
Alfred-Arthur Brunel de Neuville was a painter of
still lifes and animals.  He was born in Paris in the nineteenth century, and was a member of the Societe des Artistes Francais.  His works began appearing in the Society's exhibitions in 1879.  His works are in the collections of many museums in France, including those in Beziers, Brest, Chateau-Thierry, and
Louviers.  Many of Brunel de Neuville's works, including both still lifes and paintings featuring cats and kittens, were awarded prizes at exhibitions throughout the first part of the twentieth century.
       
 

SIDNEY RICHMOND BURLEIGH
(1853 - 1929)

Sidney R. Burleigh was born in Little Compton, Rhode Island in 1853.  He was a prolific painter who used both water colors and oils.  Burleigh traveled to Europe to study with Campani in Rome and Laurens in Paris.  He was a member of the Providence Art Club and its president from 1915-1921.  He was also the founder and first president of the Providence Water Color Club.  Burleigh built the well known Fleur de Lis building in Providence in 1885.
 


James Edward Buttersworth
(1817-1894)

James Edward Buttersworth was born in England.  He was a pupil of his father, the painter Thomas Buttersworth.  
James Buttersworth came to the United States c.1845-1847 and settled in Hoboken, New Jersey.  
Buttersworth painted for N. Currier and Currier and Ives who published his work from about 1847-1865.  Although he also painted portraits and landscapes, Buttersworth is primarily known for his marine paintings which include ships painted in New York Harbor, yachts, steamships, and warships. 
Buttersworth exhibited at the American Art Union in New York.  His work is in private collections and museums throughout the United States including the U.S. Naval Academy Museum, Annapolis; Yale Centre for British Art, Connecticut; Bath Museum and Portland Museum, Maine; Museum of the City of New York; Virginia Museum of Fine Arts and Mariner's Museum, Virginia; Newark Museum, New Jersey; Butler Institute, Ohio; and the Peabody Museum of Salem, Massachusetts.
 


Henry N. Cady
(1849 -     )

Henry Cady was born in Warren, Rhode Island in 1849.  He attended the National Academy of Design in New York.  Cady was a member of the Providence Art Club and the Providence Watercolor Club.




FERNANDO A. CARTER
(1855-1931)

Fernando A. Carter was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1855 but is most associated with the Syracuse area of upstate New York. He was a member of the Syracuse Art Club and the Central New York Society of Artists. For twenty years he
was the director of the Syracuse Museum of 
Fine Art.  During this time, he created the first 
all-American art collection in the United States.  
 Carter is known primarily for his marine scenes and soft-focus landscapes. He painted in the Barbizon style, often in watercolor. Many of his works convey a sense of the landscape as if seen through haze or a veil of gauze. Some of Carter's finest landscapes were painted in the decade preceding his death in 1931.


 

Charles Drew Cahoon
(1861 - 1951)

Charles D. Cahoon was born in Harwich, Massachusetts in 1861.  His father was a sea captain and an artist; Cahoon drew his artistic training from his father and also went to sea for some time.  He later became a full time painter and maintained a studio in Boston and in Harwich.  Cahoon was a recognized portrait artist and still life painter.  He is also well known for his detailed yet soft lit paintings of Cape Cod coastal scenes.



Anne Carleton
(1878 - 1968)

Anne Carleton was born in Atkinson,
New Hampshire in 1878.  She studied at the Art Students League in New York, the Massachusetts Normal Art School, and L'Ecole d'Arts.  Carleton traveled throughout England and Greece to paint.  She is best known for her beach scenes and subjects from nature.
 
GERALD CARON
Gerald Caron was born and raised in Salem, Massachusetts and lived in Connecticut for thirty years.  He graduated from Vesper George School of Art in Boston and worked for the publishing house Prentice-Hall.  He studied privately with Harvey Dinnerstein, David Leffel, Aaron Shikler, and Morton Kaisch at the Art Students League in New York.  For many years he was a member of the faculty of the Lyme Academy of Fine Arts.  He has also lectured and taught painting at numerous art organizations. 
Mr. Caron's work has been featured on the cover
of Yankee Magazine, and his illustrations have appeared in the TIME  Magazine almanac and  Backpacker Magazine.  His work is represented in several galleries on the eastern seaboard, and has been exhibited in national shows and in many one-man shows since 1976.  Mr. Caron has been a member of the New England Watercolor Society, the Providence Watercolor Club, the Copley Society of Boston, and
the Salmagundi Club, among others.
 
CALVIN BURNETT
(b. 1921)
Calvin Burnett is a painter, graphic artist, and 
educator.  He was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
and he studied at the Massachusetts College of Art, 
the Boston Museum of Fine Arts School and  Boston University.  Burnett taught at the DeCordova Museum 
in Lincoln, Massachusetts, and was a professor at the Massachusetts College of Art.  He is a member of the Cambridge Art Association, the National Conference of Artists, and the Boston Negro Artists' Association, which he co-founded in 1963.   He is also a member of the board of directors of Boston Printmakers.
Burnett has been the recipient of many awards for 
printmaking, oil painting, and drawing.  He has exhibited at the Smithsonian Institution, Atlanta University, the Institute of Modern Art in Boston, the Silvermine Guild, Harvard University, the National Center of Afro-American Artists, and at numerous colleges and galleries throughout the country.   
Among the many institutions where his works may be found are the Boston Public Library, the Fogg Art Museum, Wellesley College, the Elma Lewis School, 
the Oakland Museum, and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.   It has been observed that while many of Burnett's  works are characterized by a certain playfulness and delight in the activities of people 
and nature, others convey a sense of brooding and menace-a commentary on the conditions and people  the artist observes.   In both technique and vision, Burnett is a versatile, shrewd, and deft interpreter of 
the human condition. 
 
DARIUS COBB
(1834-1919)

Darius Cobb was born in Malden, Massachusetts, in 1834, the twin brother of artist Cyrus Cobb.  Darius launched his professional career in Boston as a self-taught lithographer, collaborating with his brother on many large portraits and views, these consisting primarily of historical and religious subjects.  At one point, he did study with Washington Allston and George Inness, the former having a strong influence upon the romantic painters of the time.  Throughout the Civil War, Darius served with the 44th Mass. Volunteers, although it is unknown whether he continued to create art at this time.  Primarily a portrait painter, his best known work was a depiction of the head of Christ, titled "The Master," which he had worked on for almost fifty years.  Darius Cobb was also an art critic, working for The Boston Traveler circa 1917.  He died in Newton Upper Falls, Mass., in April of 1919.
 John Fredrick Kinsett
  


Natalie Chabrier
Natalie Chabrier is represented in museums and several major collections   She is believed to be the wife of  well known French painter Francois Chabrier.
 


Edmund C. Coates
(1816 - 1871)

Edmund Coates is best remembered as a landscape and historical painter of the Hudson River School.  Coates was listed in New York City directories in 1837, and 1841-1843 as Edmund C., Edmund F. and as E. C. Coates.  Coates exhibited at the Apollo Gallery and Association in 1839 and 1840 and at the National Academy in 1841.  His landscapes
were primarily of the Italian countryside and New York state, although Coates also painted in Canada.   


Eva D. Cowdery
Eva Cowdery was born in Richmond, Maine.  She spent most of her professional life in Boston although she did travel to Paris to study with Cortois and R. Collin.  Her works were exhibited at the Poland Springs Art Gallery and the Trans Mississippi Expo in Omaha, Nebraska. She was a member of the Copley Society in Boston.
 

FREDERIC SCHILLER COZZENS
(1846 - 1928)

Frederic S. Cozzens was born in New York City.   He attended Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute from 1864-1867 and was painting and illustrating by 1874.  Cozzens' illustrations appeared in the New York Daily Graphic and Harper's Weekly, but he is best known for a series of watercolors for Kelley's American Yachts: their Clubs and Races, published by Scribner.  Cozzens work included book and yacht illustrations until about 1906: Outing magazine, Rushton's Portable Canoes, The Rudder magazine and Our Navy: Its Growth and Achievements.
Cozzens also painted every America's Cup race held off New York Harbor through 1920.  Other subjects include fishing vessels and scenes, warships and North American Indians.  His first major exhibit was at the Mystic Seaport Museum in 1983.  Cozzens work is in many private and museum  collections including the Mariners Museum in Yachts and Yachting, Newport News, Virginia; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston; New York Yacht Club; the Peabody Museum, Salem; the United States Coast Guard Academy and the Kennedy Galleries, New York City.  
 


Arthur Cummings
(1847 - 1913)

Arthur Cummings was born in England in 1847.  He was a graduate of the Exeter School of Art, a branch of the South Kensington School of Art in London.  While in London he studied under the famous engraver, Thomas Landseer.  Cummings eventually moved to America to seek his fortune.
Cummings worked in both Philadelphia and Boston before moving to the New Bedford area to become a highly respected teacher of art at the New Bedford Public Schools, and then at the Swain Free School of Design and Friends Academy. While in New Bedord, Cummings enjoyed both a working and amicable relationship with the artists Walton Ricketson, R. Swain Gifford and Arthur Grinnell.
After the death of his wife in 1904, Cummings and his daughter Jane, moved to Chicago where taught art and worked as an art restorer.
 


Charles Courtney Curran
(1861-1942)

Charles C. Curran was born in Hartford, Kentucky in 1861.  He was a pupil of Cincinnati School of Design;  Art Students League in NYC,  National Academy of Design in NYC,  and Julian Academy under Constant, Lefebvre and Doucet in Paris.  
He was a member of the National Academy,  New York Watercolor Club, American Watercolor Society, National Arts Club, Salmagundi Club, and the Lotos Club.
Curran was the recipient of numerous awards and honors from the National Academy, Paris Salon, and several expositions.
His works are represented in museums throughout the country.
"Perfume of the Roses," National Gallery, Washington;  "The Breezy Day," Pennsylvania Academy, Philadelphia;  "Cathedral Interior, Verona," Metropolitan Museum.  He died in New York City in 1942.

 
HENRY P. DILLON
(1851-1909)

Henry Patrice Dillon was a painter and lithographer, born in San Francisco, CA in 1851.  He studied with Carolus-Duran in Paris, and was a member of the Societe des Peintres Lithographes.  Dillon exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1890, won medals in 1892 and 1900, and received the Chevalier Legion of Honor award in 1896.  He died in Paris in 1909.


William R. Davis


 

William R. Davis
 
William Davis is an almost completely self-taught contemporary artist based in Hyannisport, Massachusetts.  He recreates techniques originally employed by 19th century American Luminist painters.  In spite of this, Davis' art escapes the trap of being mere imitation.  He transforms the past into his own vision of style and subject.  Davis' recent successful endeavors include not only marine and nautical scenes but also still life, trompe l'oeil and landscapes.
Davis has an established association with the Mystic Seaport Museum.  He has exhibited at the Smithsonian Institute, Cahoon Museum, Mariners Museum and the 9th Annual Exhibition of Marine Artists among others.  He is an elected member of the American Society of Marine Artists.  
William Davis is an immensely talented artist with a skyrocketing reputation.  His work is highly collected internationally.

 


Montague Dawson
1895 - 1973)

Montague Dawson was born in Cheswick, England.  He was the grandson of painter Henry Dawson.  As a naval officer during World War I he painted battle scenes and naval actions.  Dawson then studied under Charles Napier Hemy before again returning to paint naval battles and actions during World War II. 
Dawson exhibited at the Royal Academy and the Society of Marine Artists. His work is in the National Gallery in London, England; the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, England; and the Mystic Seaport Museum in Connecticut.
 







FREDERICK USHER DEVOLL
(1873-1941)

F. Usher DeVoll was born in Providence and attended the Rhode Island School of Design. He studied with William Meritt Chase, C. W. Hawthorne, Robert Henri, and H. S. Mowbray, and in Paris at the Academie Julian with J.P. Laurens.  Many of his landscapes are European scenes.  However, he maintained close ties with his native city and for some years ran a toy store in the historic Providence Arcade. He exhibited frequently at the Providence Art Club in the 1890s and was also a member of the Providence Water Color Club, Salmagundi Club, Connecticut Academy of Fine Arts, Washington Art Club, American Federation of Arts, Springfield Illinois Art Academy and the American Artists Professional League. In 1915 he was awarded a silver medal at the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco. His works are in the Rhode Island School of Design, Providence; St. Johns Art Club, New Brunswick; Delgado Museum, New Orleans; Newcomb College, New Orleans; Milwaukee Art Institute; Vanderpoel Art Association, Chicago; Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse; and the Hackley Art Gallery, Muskegon, Michigan.


 
JOSEPH FOXCROFT COLE
(1837-1892)

Joseph Foxcroft Cole apprenticed to Boston lithographer J.H. Bufford in the mid-1850s. He ran his own lithography shop in Boston from 1857 to 1860, when he left to study in Paris at the Ecole des Beaux Arts. In France, Cole was exposed to the leading teachers of the Barbizon school, and upon his return to Boston he was further encouraged in this vein by William Morris Hunt. Hunt's patronage enabled Cole to return to France, and from 1860 to 1877 he divided his time between Boston and Paris. Cole was a regular exhibitor at the Paris Salon and at the Royal Academy in London, and in the United States at the National Academy of Design, the Boston Athenaeum, and at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition of 1876.  Many of his paintings during this period feature grazing cows and sheep, with the subtle gradations of color and tranquil background characteristic of Barbizon-influenced painting.
He settled in Massachusetts in 1877 but made several trips to California where he painted the Sierra Nevada Mountains and the missions. He also returned to Europe for several years, but most of his later paintings were of rugged New England scenery, marshes, and pastures near his home in Winchester and around Providence, Rhode Island.


 
JOHN W.A. SCOTT
(1815-1907)

John White Allen Scott was born in Roxbury, 
Massachusetts and spent his entire career in and around Boston.  He apprenticed to renowned Boston lithographer William Pendleton along with Nathaniel Currier. In the mid-1840s he and Fitz Hugh Lane, another painter who received his first training at Pendleton's, worked together 
to produce popular lithographs.  Scott was also known for his portraits, landscapes, engravings, and marine paintings. 
He was a member of the Boston Art Club, exhibiting there and at the Boston Athenaeum.  His work is in the collections of the Massachusetts State House in Boston. Scott died in 1907 in Cambridge.
 




 



 



 




SUSAN DOYLE
(b. 1959)

Susan Doyle was born on May 13, 1959 in a small town outside of Rochester, New York.  She began sketching and painting at the age of five.
Doyle majored in illustration at the Rhode Island School of Design.  She later worked as an illustrator and mechanical artist before turning full time to painting.  
Doyle has studied the style of Degas, Potthast and Sargeant, which is evident in her artwork.  Most of her paintings depict women and children because, she believes, "women symbolize motherhood, earth, the symbol of love and togetherness."  Doyle attempts to convey serenity in her artwork. 
Doyle currently resides in Barrington, Rhode Island with her husband and two children. She also teaches at the Rhode Island School of Design.

 

FELIX AUGUSTUS PECKHAM
(1837-1876)

Felix Augustus Peckham was a portrait and still life painter from Middletown, Rhode Island. He was a self-taught artist.
In childhood he lost the use of his legs from a spinal disease, which resulted in his early death at the age of thirty-eight. Many of his portraits were done in crayon but he also painted in oils. A portrait by him of Miss Ruth Franklin is 
in the collections of the Newport Historical Society.
 Peckham died in Newport in 1876.

 

FELIX AUGUSTUS PECKHAM
(1837-1876)

Felix Augustus Peckham was born in Middletown, 
Rhode Island, the son of a successful farmer. Little is 
known of Peckham's life.  He was a self-taught artist, although his obituary stated that when he was quite young he was given a few art lessons by a friend.  As a boy he contracted a spinal disease which left him without the use of his legs and which eventually caused his early death at the age of thirty-eight.  When Peckham's mother died in 1846, his father moved to Newport, where he became director of a local bank and was active in business and real estate. Peckham painted still-lifes, but was known to have executed a number of highly-praised crayon portraits for friends and clients.  Ironically, the whereabouts of only 
one of these, a portrait of Miss Ruth Franklin from 
1868 in the collections of the Newport Historical Society, 
is known today. Peckham died in Newport in 1876.
 

 
CLEMENT DREW
(c. 1806-1889)

Clement Drew was born in Kingston, Massachusetts.  Like many painters of his day, he worked a variety of other jobs in addition to painting.  Even after he was established as an artist, he sold art and art supplies, framed paintings and carved wooden figureheads.  From 1827, when he worked in a Boston dry goods store, to 1846, when he opened his own picture-framing and art supply store, Drew worked in a library and later sold carpets.  It is likely that he taught himself to paint during this time.  Drew painted in much the same style as Fitz Hugh Lane, one of New England's leading marine painters.  
Drew's earliest work dates from 1838, consisting mostly of views of Boston's south shore.  Later he traveled extensively, painting subjects from Maine and the Grand Banks off Newfoundland to Cape Horn and San Francisco harbor.  After 1860, many of his paintings were scenes of the coast near Gloucester, on Cape Ann north of Boston.  He painted many vessels at sea as well, and today it is for his marine paintings that he is best known.
(excerpted from "American Art Analog")      
 
HEZEKIAH ANTHONY DYER
(1872-1943)

Hezekiah Anthony Dyer was born in Providence, 
Rhode Island.  He traveled with his family throughout Europe for at least five months of the year, painting landscapes, seascapes, peasant and market scenes.  Nonetheless, Dyer remained an ardent supporter of 
art in his native city.  He joined the Providence Art 
Club one year after his graduation from college in 
1895, and served as its president from 1905 to 1914.  
He was a life-long friend of another prominent Providence artist, Sydney R. Burleigh.
Dyer's work is found in the collections of the 
Corcoran Gallery of Art, the Providence Art Club, 
and the Rhode Island School of Design Museum.  During his lifetime, Dyer received several awards,
including that of Commendatore of the Crown of Italy and the Cavaliere Order of Sts. Maurice and Lazarus.
He was a lecturer at Brown University and the Rhode Island School of Design.  Dyer died in Providence in August, 1943.
 Margins must be left 1.3 & right 3. To 3.5 for Duncanson bio to fit on page

Robert S. Duncanson
(1821 - 1872)

(excerpts from "The Emergence of the African-American Artist" by Joseph D. Ketner)
Known in the mid-nineteenth century as the best landscape painter in the  West, Robert S. Duncanson fell into obscurity for nearly a century after his death.  In this first full length biography, Joseph Ketner restores the artist to his place in the history of American art.  He explores Duncanson's role as an African- American artist in the American society and reveals his lasting contribution to American landscape painting.
Duncanson came of age in a time of turmoil.  Living
and working in Cincinnati, he felt the white backlash against increasing abolitionist sentiment that prompted riots and murders in the city's black districts.  Even as a "freeman of color," Duncanson faced the specter of slavery daily in the markets, at the docks, and across the river from his home.
Duncanson persevered.  With no professional
training, he taught himself to paint by copying prints and portraits and sketching from nature.  He began his career as a house painter and decorator, eventually graduating to the work that would make him famous in his time, landscape painting.  As his skill with a paintbrush grew, Duncanson developed into a sensitive painter of the picturesque and pastoral qualities that he found in the land.  These works established him as the primary painter in the Ohio River valley during the 1850s and 1860s and contributed to the foundation of the Cincinnati landscape tradition.  While employing the mainstream esthetics of American landscape painting that would propel him to national recognition, he also imbued his landscapes with a veiled significance that was understood by the African-American community. 
Duncanson's success in the mainstream art world marked the emergence of the African-American artist from a people predominantly relegated to laborers and artisans,...  Like Phyllis Wheatley and Frederick Douglass, Duncanson overcame racial oppression to give expression to African-American cultural identity.  
 

George Wharton Edwards
(1869 - 1950)

George Edwards was born in Fair Haven, Connecticut in 1869.  He was a painter, illustrator and writer.  Edwards studied in Antwerp and in Paris and was a member of the New York Water Color Club, American Water Color Society, National Arts Club, Society of Illustrators and the American Institute of Arts and Letters.  He was the recipient of many prestigious awards  including bronze and silver medals in Boston, Buffalo, Charlestown and Barcelona, Spain; the medal of King Albert; Golden Palms of the French Academy; Knight Chevalier, Legion of d'Honneur, France for "Eminent Services in Art;" Knight Chevalier, Order de la Couronne Belge, for "Distinction in Art;" Royal Order of Knight Chevalier (Isabella) from Alfonso XIII, Spain, for "Eminent Distinction in Art."
Edwards illustrated works by Austin Dobson and O.W. Holmes and was himself the author of numerous books including "Alsace-Lorraine," "Vanished Towers and Chimes of Flanders," "Vanished Halls and Cathedrals of France," "Holland of Today," "Belgium Old and New," "Paris," "London," "Spain," and "Rome."
 


John Joseph Enneking
(1841 - 1916)

Enneking was born in Ohio in 1841.  He traveled to Boston and then to Europe to study painting.  He later returned to America to live in Boston.  
Enneking is best known for his landscape and cattle paintings.  His work is in many private and museum collections throughout the country including the Boston Museum of Fine Arts and the Worcester Art Museum.
 

HERBERT CYRUS FARNUM
(1866-1925)

Herbert Cyrus Farnum was born in Gloucester, Rhode Island on September 19,1866.  He was a pupil of the RI School of Design, and the Julian Academy in Paris.  H.C. Farnum was a prolific painter in the early 1900s and is mainly known for his brilliant out-door scenes and landscapes.  While traveling he visited Algiers, and is most notable for his African nature scenes.  He was a president of the Providence Water Color Club,  member of the Providence Art Club, and maintained a studio at Butler Exchange.   His works are widely owned in Rhode Island.  
 
Emile Albert Gruppe
(1896 -      )

Emile Gruppe was born in Rochester, New York in 1896.  He was a pupil of Carlson, Bridgman, R. Miller, and Chapman.  Gruppe was a very active exhibitor and the recipient of many awards.  His membership included the Salmagundi Club, North Shore Art Association, Rockport Art Association, Gloucester Art Association and the Audubon Association.

 


James Hamilton
( 1819 - 1878 )

James Hamilton was a marine and landscape painter. He was born on October 1, 1819, at Entrien, near Belfast, Ireland. At the age of 15 he accompanied his parents to Philadelphia where he was later encouraged by John Sartain and others to established himself as an artist.  He also taught art and had as his student Thomas Moran.  Hamilton was commissioned to illustrate Kanes Arctic Explorations and Fremont's Memoirs.  He died March 10, 1878, in San Francisco while on a trip around the world.  Hamilton exhibited throughout the United States, his work is in several museums including the Metropolitan Museum in New York City and the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.
 

WILLIAM FORMBY HALSALL
 (1841-1919)

William F. Halsall was born in Kirkdale, England and later resided in Provincetown, Massachusetts.  Halsall went to sea for seven years, including two years in the United States Navy.  In 1860, Halsall began to study fresco painting under William E. Norton in Boston and also studied at the Lowell Institute from 1862-1870.  After graduating from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1874, Halsall decided to concentrate on marine painting which he is most well known for.
William Halsall was a member of the Boston Art Club.  His collections are in the Mariners Museum, Newport News, Virginia; Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and Museum, Hyde Park, New York; Peabody Museum, Salem, Massachusetts; and the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland.
 
FREDERICK CHILDE HASSAM
(1859-1935)

Internationally recognized as one of the great American painters, Childe Hassam was one of the foremost exponents of American Impressionism, a term he nevertheless disavowed, preferring to stress his link to the English painters Turner and Constable.  A descendant of an old Massachusetts family, Hassam studied at the Boston Art Club and was strongly influenced by the painter John J. Enneking.  Encouraged by Enneking, Hassam 
went to Europe during the 1880s to study.  He settled in Paris with his wife and studied at the Academie Julian.  In Paris he learned fluent French and became interested in the work of Monet, Sisley, and Pissaro.  Hassam's early work shows the Barbizon-type influence of Enneking, but his later work shows the influence of Monet.  
At the turn of the century, Hassam's work showed the influences of Post-Impressionism:  his palette became harsher and more vivid, and he dropped the broken brushstrokes of his earlier style.  Although he was represented in the innovative Armory Show in 1913, he later renounced its radical tendencies.  Hassam is known, like the Impressionists, for painting several series of scenes dealing with a single subject: the streets of New York in rain or snow; his famous flag series; an Isle of Shoals series, painted on the isle of Appledore, Maine, where he stayed with his friend Celia Thaxter; as well as series of Havana and Oregon.  
At the height of his popularity Hassam joined a group of other New York impressionists who called themselves "The Ten."  Highly acclaimed in his own lifetime, Hassam exhibited widely and was the recipient of numerous awards and prizes.  His works are in the collections of major museums throughout the United States, including the Metropolitan Museum, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Corcoran Gallery, the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, as well as in the Musee d'Orsay in Paris. 
 

George M. Hathaway
(1852-1903)

George M. Hathaway,  was known for his marine paintings and perhaps more importantly, his New England Coastal Scenes.  His works are represented in Kendall Whaling Museum, Mariners' Museum, Peabody Museum, Salem, and Portland Maine Museum. 




George Arthur Hays
(1854 - 1945)

George Arthur Hays was born in Greenville, New Hampshire in 1854. He was a self-taught artist, best known for his landscapes with cattle.
Hays was a member of the Providence Art Club, the Copley Society, the Society of Independent Artists and the Providence Water Color Club.
 

Samuel Lancaster  Gerry
(1813 - 1891)

Samuel L. Gerry was born on May 10, 1813 in Boston, Massachusetts. He traveled throughout Europe during the 1830's before establishing his studio in Boston in 1840.  He was a frequent exhibitor at the Boston Athenaeum, as well as the Pennsylvania Academy, National Academy and American Art Union. Gerry is best known as a portrait, genre, landscape and animal painter.
 
EDWARD LAMSON HENRY
(1841-1919)

Edward Lamson Henry was born in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1841.  He became a student of Walter M. Oddie in 1855 in NYC, and of F. Weber in 1858 at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.  Two years later, Henry traveled to Paris to paint under Marc Gleyre, Suisse, and Courbet.  Upon his return, he settled in NYC, and soon won recognition for his genre scenes celebrating historical, rural, and nostalgic themes.  Henry was also known for his landscapes and portraits, and exhibited at the National Academy for 60 years.  He returned to Europe several times during the 1870s and 1880s.  In Cragsmoor, NY, where the Henrys built a house and spent many summers, he became an active member of the Cragsmoor Colony, along with Edward Gay and Frederick Dellenbaugh, among others.  Henry died in Ellenville, NY, in 1919.



JOSEPH MICHAEL GLEESON
(b. 1861)

J. M. Gleeson was a painter, sculptor, and illustrator.  Born in Dracut, Massachusetts, 
he went to Munich in 1885 to study art.  Thereafter he made many trips to Europe where he studied in Italy and France as well.  In Paris he was a pupil of the acclaimed painters William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret, and Robert-Fleury.
Gleeson later settled in New York, where he painted, illustrated and wrote about animal life for various magazines.  He was a member of the Salmagundi Club, the St. Louis Brush and Pencil Club, and the Chicago Society of Etchers.  His works are in the collections of the Art Institute of Chicago, the St.Louis Art Museum, the Toledo Museum of Art, the New York Public Library, and the Library of Congress.
 


Charles Henry Gifford
(1839 - 1904)

Charles Henry Gifford was a Luminist painter.  The Luminists were a group of landscape painters who found a special quality in American light which they painted with subtlety and realism.
The son of a ship's carpenter, Gifford was apprenticed to be of the same trade but gave it up in 1862 to fight in the Civil War.  After his discharge in 1865, Gifford concentrated his efforts on developing his artistic talent.  For the next few years he refined his skills,  painting industriously up and down the New England coast and as far inland as Lake George and Niagara Falls.
Toward the end of Gifford's life, there was no falling off in the quality of his paintings.  One of his largest and finest works, "New Bedford Harbor" was done only two years before his death.  However, many of Gifford's canvases were only 9 x 14 inches.  He called them "my little gems."

 
JOHN WILLIAM HILL
(1812-1879)

John William Hill was born in London, England, in 1812, the son of the aquatint engraver John Hill.  When he was seven, Hill was brought to America by his family, settling first in Philadelphia and then in NYC.  There, he served his apprenticeship under his father.  In the early part of his career, Hill produced topographical paintings for the New York State Geological Survey.  He then went on to work for Smith Bros., making watercolor views of several American cities, which would later be published as lithographs.  
The latter part of Hill's career centered solely upon landscape painting, a result of the artist's introduction to the new "Naturalism" or "Pre-Raphaelitism."  These detailed watercolor scenes were taken primarily from New Jersey and along the Hudson River, using a stipple technique normally seen in miniatures.  The results were vividly colored microcosmic wonders, placing Hill at the forefront of the Naturalist movement in America.
John W. Hill died at his home near West Nyack, NY, in 1879.  In 1888, the artist's son, John Henry Hill, wrote An Artist's Memorial, and illustrated the tribute with etchings of his father's landscapes.
 


WILLIAM HENRY HILLIARD
(1836-1905)

William H. Hilliard was born in Auburn NY, in 1836.  He studied art in New York City, and abroad, in England and France.  Hilliard exhibited at the National Academy of Design 1876-1888; and the Royal Academy, London, 1880.  On his return to this country he established his studio in Boston.  
Hilliard is best known as a New England landscape and marine painter.  Among his most noted works are views of Maine, the White Mountains, and the Atlantic Coast, including "Castle Rock,"  "Wind against Tide,"  "Allatoona Pass, Georgia."  He died in 1905 in Washington, DC.    



JOHN R. GRABACH
(1886-1981)

John R. Grabach was born around 1886 in Newark, New Jersey.  At the Art Students League in New York City, Grabach studied under George B. Bridgeman and H. August Schwabe, among others.  In his lifetime, he played several roles within the creative community.  From 1904 to 1915, Grabach was a designer working initially for New Jersey silverware manufacturing firms, and later for Rogers, Lunt, and Bowlen Co., of Greenfield, MA.  He was an educator at a number of institutions, including the Newark School of Fine and Industrial Art and the Hull School of Art in Union, NJ.  In 1957, Grabach became a published author with How to Draw the Human Figure.  All this while, the painter continued to exhibit his work in solo and group shows, and in several competitions across the United States, through which he was the recipient of numerous awards.  After an extensive and busy career, John Grabach died in 1981, in Irvington, New Jersey.  
 


SAMUEL W. GRIGGS 
(?-1898)

Samuel Griggs was listed as an architect in Boston from 1848 to 1852, and as an artist from 1854 until his death in 1898.  The competency of his brushstroke strongly suggests that he had professional training. His earliest datable painting of a White Mountain scene is 1858.  That year, he exhibited three paintings, one of which was a White Mountain view, in an exhibition gathered together by Albert Bierstadt and held in New Bedford, Massachusetts.  He also exhibited at various times at the Athenaeum Gallery in Boston, from 1855 to 1863, and at the Boston Art Club.  
(From "The White Mountains:  Place and Perceptions," 1980.) 





Abbott Fuller Graves
(1859 - 1936)

Abbott Fuller Graves was born in Weymouth, Massachusetts in 1836. He was known for his still life, garden, and figure paintings and for decorative painting in Colonial doorways.
Graves was a pupil at the Institute of Technology in Boston.  In Paris he studied under Cromon, Laurens and Gervais.  Graves was a member of numerous art clubs and the recipient of many awards both in the United States and abroad.

 


Joseph Henry Hatfield
( 1863 - 1928)

Joseph Hatfield was born on June 21, 1863 near Kingston, Ontario. He studied with Constant, Doucet, and Lefebvre, in Paris. During his career, Hatfield won exhibition awards from the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic's Association and the National Academy of Design.  His work has also been exhibited at the Boston Art Club.
 


Antonio Jacobsen
(1850 - 1921)

Antonio Jacobsen was born in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1850. He was christened Antonio Nicolo Gasparo Jacobsen because his father, a successful violinist, thought highly of the early Italian violin makers.  In 1871 Jacobsen emigrated to New York by himself.  He was soon painting scenes of ships which led to a steady flow of ship portrait commissions for steamship companies and owners.  By 1876 he was painting the Old Dominion Line vessels and by 1877 the Morgan Line Steamers.
Jacobsen's work is a marvelous historic record of ships, taken from pencil sketches and then translated to oil paintings.  He aimed for absolute accuracy in every detail from the hull, portholes and lifeboats to the subtleties of the rigging and house-flags.  
In the last quarter of the 19th century there was a precedent for oil paintings of ships; photographs were seldom dedicated to the portrayal of merchant vessels.  Several of the vessels Jacobsen painted are now known only from his portraits, there being no other representation available.  
 

Marshall Johnson
(1850-1921)

Marshall Johnson was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1850.  At age 18, Marshall was a sailor aboard the ship Sunbeam bound for South America. The ship burned and sunk but Marshall was rescued.
Marshall studied art at the Lowell Institute and the Boston Art Club and was a pupil of W.E. Norton.  He traveled throughout Holland, France and England to further his education.
Marshall maintained a studio at India Wharf in Boston.  He was a member of the Boston Art Club and the Copley Society and painter of the United States Frigate, Constitution.  Marshall's work is part of the Peabody Museum collection in Salem, Massachusetts. 




HENRY KENYON
 (      - 1926)

Henry Kenyon was a member of the
Providence Art Club and the North Shore Art Association.  His work is in the collection of the Rhode Island School of Design.  Well known paintings include "Landscape, Holland," "November Twilight" and "Venice."
 


HELEN MARY KNOWLTON
(1832-1918)

Helen Mary Knowlton was born in Littleton,  Massachusetts.  She was a pupil of William Morris Hunt and opened a studio in Boston in 1867.  She published "Talks on Art" of William Morris Hunt in 1879.  "Hints for Pupils in Drawing and Painting" also in 1879, and "Art Life of William Morris Hunt" in 1899.  She exhibited her own pictures often during her lifetime and was known mainly for her charcoal sketches.  Her work is represented in the collection of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.  Helen Mary Knowlton's "Coastal Scene" is one of the earliest works in the Collection, perhaps more American Barbizon than Impressionist, and is a simple, unaffected, fresh view of a quiet and appealing American scene. 
 

LOUIS KRONBERG
(1872-1964)

Louis Kronberg was born in Boston, Massachusetts on December 20th 1872.  A painter and a teacher, he was a pupil of Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; and the  Art Students League in New York City where he studied under William Merritt Chase.  A scholarship enabled him to study abroad, which brought him to Paris.  Kronberg lived for many years in Paris where he was a pupil of the Julian Academy under Benjamin-Constant, Laurens and Collin.  In Paris, stimulated by the original works of the Impressionists, he began to paint in a freer, lighter mode.  Louis Kronberg was a popular portraitist and became best known for his specialty pictures of the theater and its performers, particularly dancers and dancing.  He was the recipient of numerous awards, mainly for these works.
His works are represented in the following:
"Pink Sash," Metropolitan Museum, New York; "Behind the Footlights," Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia; "Ballet Girl Preparing for the Dance," Boston Museum of Fine Arts; "Oriental Dancer," Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis; "Ballet Girl in White," "La Guitana," "At the Window," and others, Gardner collection, Boston, MA; "The Ballet Girl," Butler Art Institute, Youngstown, Ohio; "Spanish Dancer," Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo; "Ballet Girl," San Diego Fine Arts Gallery.     







Edward C. Leavitt
(1842-1904)

Edward C. Leavitt stands out in the late 19th century as leading still-life painter of the Providence, Rhode Island school.  His specialty was fruit and flower still life oil paintings, often in conjunction with opulent backgrounds of highly polished tables, costly antiques, etc., rich in color, and sharp detail.
Leavitt exhibited frequently at the National Academy of Design in New York City.  He lived most of his life in Providence and was a member of the Providence Art Club.  He died in Providence on November 20, 1904.
 

Albert F. King
(     - 1854)

King was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.  He was a self taught artist.  King was a member of the Pittsburgh Art Association and the Pittsburgh Art Society.  He is listed in Fielding's
Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors & Engravers and in Who was Who in American Art.
 

Otto Kirchner
(1887 -      )

Otto Kirchner was born in March, 1887 in Eckartshausen, Germany.  He studied in Dusseldorf and Munich.  Although Kirchner began his career as a religious painter, he is best known as a portrait artist.




ROBERT HENRY LOGAN
(1874-1942)

Robert Logan was born in Waltham, Massachusetts.  He studied with Frank Benson 
and Edmund Tarbell at the Boston Museum 
School of Fine Arts and under Collin, Laurens 
and Constant at the Academie Julian in Paris.  He was one of the few Americans to be honored by both the French and Spanish academies. 



 


C.A. LUCE
(1888-1963)

C.A. Luce was born in 1888 in Ashtabula, Ohio.  He graduated from the Cleveland Institute of Art in 1913.  After a stint as a newspaper cartoonist, he began his career as a freelance advertising artist, primarily in Cleveland but also for short periods in Chicago and New York City.  He served on the faculty of the Cleveland Institute of Art from 1921 to 1923.  In the early 1930s he became art director of a leading Cleveland advertising agency.  His advertising illustrations appeared in the Saturday Evening Post, Ladies Home Journal, Literary Digest and other periodicals and trade publications.  In 1931 he won first prize in a competition to produce the official poster for the annual Cleveland Community Fund campaigns.  Among advertisers for whom he provided artwork were General Electric and its Mazda Lamp Division, Dobbs Hats, A&P Stores, J.I. Case Machinery and Houghton Elevators.  He created illustrations for White Motor truck and Cadillac car ads, as well as now-forgotten lines of luxury motor cars- Jordan, Case, Wills Sainte Claire and Rubay Company.
In 1934 he began dividing his time between Cleveland and a home in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. By the early 1940s he had turned from commercial illustration to painting landscapes and boating scenes, using the water color techniques he had developed so successfully in his advertising career.
In the decades that followed he completed hundreds of small watercolor sketches of scenes in Florida, the Bahamas, Nantucket and Maine.  Based on these preliminary works he completed in his Fort Lauderdale studio over one hundred 11 x 15 watercolor paintings signed "C.A. Luce."
He was elected to membership in the American Water Color Society and exhibited in its New York juried shows from 1959-1963, receiving that Society's Award of Merit in 1962.  He died in Fort Lauderdale in 1963.

 
R. MALCOLM
 


FRANK WARREN MARSHALL
(1866-1930)

Frank W. Marshall was born in Providence, Rhode Island in 1866.  He was a landscape painter, craftsman and teacher and was known as the "dean of  Rhode Island newspaper illustrators." 
Marshall studied art at the Rhode Island School of Design and at the Academie Julian 
in Paris.  He was a member of both the Providence Art Club and the Providence 
Water Color Club.  He was a staff member of the Providence Journal Bulletin.  Marshall's address in 1929 was listed as 652 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island. 
 

Gustave Mascart
(1834 - 1914)

Gustave Mascart was born in Valenciennes, France.  Having studied under Potier and Durand-Brager, he became well-known as a landscape painter.  In 1880 Mascart exhibited at the Salon de Paris, at the Musee de Saintes Vue Prise a Huy-sur-Meuse(Belgium)
and at the Musee de Bernay.

 


John Alexander McDougall
(1810 - 1894)

John McDougall was best known as a miniaturist and portrait painter.  A native of Livingston, New Jersey, he spent most of his career in Newark, traveling to New Orleans, Louisiana; Charleston, South Carolina; and Saratoga Springs, New York  in order to paint. During the 1840's and 1850's he maintained a studio in New York City and exhibited at the National Academy, the American Art Union, the Artist's Fund Society of Philadelphia, and the American Institute, winning the first prize for miniatures in 1845, 1847, and 1848.

 

CHARLES FREDERICK WILLIAM MIELATZ
(1864-1919)

Charles Mielatz, an etcher and painter, was born in Breddin, Germany. In America, he studied at the Chicago School of Design.  He was elected an associate of the National Academy in 1906; he was also a teacher at the National Academy of Design.  A member of the New York Etching Club and the American Watercolor Society, Mielatz's work is represented in the collections of the New York Public Library and the Parrish Museum.  Mielatz was a prominent etcher of architectural subjects.  He was active around Newport, Rhode Island through the 1880s.
 

RICHARD E. MILLER
(1875-1943)

Richard E. Miller was born in St. Louis, Missouri. He studied at the St. Louis School of Fine Arts and with Constant and Laurens in Paris.  Memberships include:
Associate National Academy of Design,
1913; Academician National Academy
of Design, 1915; National Association of Portrait Painters; St. Louis Artists Guild;
Salmagundi Club, NY; International
Society of Painters, Sculptors and Gravers; American Art Association of Paris; Paris Society of American Painters;
North Shore Arts Association.
Awards include:
Paris Salon, 1900, 1904; Pan-Am. Expo., Buffalo, 1901; St. Louis Expo., 1904;
Liege Expo., 1905; Knight of the Legion of Honor,
France, 1908; Temple gold medal, Penna. Academy of Fine Arts, 1911; 
Palmer gold medal, Art Institute of Chicago, 1914; Clark prize, National Academy of Design, 1915;
anama-Pacific Expo., San Francisco, 1915.  His works are in collections of Luxembourg Gallery, Paris; Metropolitan Museum of Art; Gallery of Modern Art, Rome; Corcoran; City Art Museum, St.
PLouis; Albright; Penna. Academy of Fine Arts; Art Institute of Chicago; Detroit Institute; Cincinnati Museum; Queen City Art Club, Cincinnati; Carnegie; State Capital, Jefferson City, MO; Royal
Museum of Christiania; King of Italy's private collection; Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp; Modern Gallery of the City of Venice; Musee du Petit Palais, Paris.
Address in 1929, care of Grand Central Galleries, 15 Vanderbilt Avenue, New York, NY; Provincetown, MA.


 

 



Edward G. McDowell
Edward McDowell was a landscape painter.  He exhibited at the Maryland Historical Society in 1858. Exhibition records list McDowell as living in Baltimore and later in New York City.  He is listed in New York Historical Society's Dictionary of Artists in America, 1584-1860 and Who was Who in American Art.



EDMUND DARCH LEWIS
(1835-1910)

Edmund Darch Lewis was born in Philadelphia, PA, where he studied under Paul Webber.  Lewis was a watercolorist known chiefly for his scenes of Pennsylvania, New York, and New England.  At one point in his career, he was employed by a photographer in Narragansett, Rhode Island to retouch photographs.  During his lifetime Lewis' work was exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy and the Boston Athenaeum.
 


Henrietta Dunn Mears
(1877 -     )

Henrietta Mears was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1877.  She lived in both
St. Paul, Minnesota and Boston, Massashusetts.  Mears studied in New York at the Art Student League and with Hawthorne and Pape.  She exhibited at the 
Copley Gallery and was an award recipient at both the Minnesota St. Fair and St. Paul Institute exhibitions.  Mears is best known as an etcher and a painter.
 
JAMES M. LEWIN
(1836-1877)

James Morgan Lewin was born in Swansea, Massachusetts in 1836.  A landscape and 
still life painter as well as an engraver, Lewin exhibited at the Boston Athenaeum from 1859 to 1860.  He was active in Providence until 1864, when he moved to Boston.  Between 1875 and 1877, he showed his work at the Boston Art 
Club's annual exhibitions.  Lewin died in Milton, Massachusetts in 1877.


MARY M. MAGUIRE
Mary Maguire was born in Connecticut and was active in Hartford, Connecticut during the 1840s.  In 1849 Maguire exhibited at the National Academy of Design  and at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in 1867.  From 1867 until her death in 1910 she was active in Baltimore, Maryland.
 


Oscar Miller
(1867 - 1921)

Oscar Miller was born in New York in 1867.  He was a pupil of Constant and Laurens in Paris. Upon returning to New York, he became a member of the Water Color Club.
Miller later moved to New England.  His address was listed as Bristol Ferry, Rhode Island. 




George Ford Morris
(1873-1960)

Sculptor, painter, illustrator, lecturer, writer, and critic.  George Ford Morris was born in St. Joseph, MO.  He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago;  Julian Academy, Paris, France.  Contributor:  Illustrations for Scribner's and Century magazines.
Specialty in painting famous horses, their owners and riders.
Member:  American Animal Artists Association (president),  Society of American Sporting Artists. 
 

PAUL MORO
(1886-1953)
Paul Moro was born in Bettola, Italy, a market
town on the northern slopes of the Apennines.  He attended the Scuola delle Belle Arte in Rome.  In 1909, he settled in New York where he found employment in a studio making copies of Barbizon school paintings.  He briefly opened his own studio, but faced with financial difficulties, he went to work with a painting restorer.  Eventually he opened his own studio and became a successful painting conservator.  
Moro's art was highly personal:  he painted his family and his surroundings at home, on picnics, and on travels abroad.  He exhibited primarily with other Italian artists.  His first paintings in the United States were two sketches of the backyard of the boarding house where he stayed; a second group dates from the period when he had a studio on 14th Street.
Moro married Giuseppina Mosca in 1915 and moved to the Bronx, near the Bronx Zoo and Botanical Garden.  He frequently painted landscapes in the wooded area of the parks.  In 1919 he and his wife spent several months in Italy, where Moro did numerous sketches in the area of Piverone, his wife's home town.  In 1925 the Moros and their four children moved to Peekskill, New York.  He exhibited in Washington Square, and also made copies and imitations of 16th- century Italian still-lifes as well as marine paintings.  Moro was introduced to the town of Dennis on Cape Cod by his brother; subsequently he spent most of his summers painting there.  He  exhibited at the New York Academy of Design for the last time in 1934.  He was so overwhelmed by his work in conservation that he had no time to paint until a 1948 trip to Italy.  After his death in 1953, Moro's business was continued by his sons Francis and Thomas, and is now continued by his niece Christina Zuccari.  In 1964 the Florence Lewison Gallery held a successful exhibition of Moro's work.  The Hirschhorn Museum purchased several of his paintings, and Moro's work continues to be sought after by private collectors.
 


Joseph Munsch
(1832 - 1896)

Joseph Munsch was born in Linz, Austria in 1832.  He traveled to Munich, Germany in 1853 to study the paintings of Meissonier and the Dutch Masters.  Munsch was awarded a bronze medal for painting in London in 1878.  He is best known as a genre and history painter.
 


John Francis Murphy 
(1853 - 1921)

John Francis Murphy was born in Oswego, New York in 1853.  He was a leading tonalist of the Barbizon School, ranking with George Inness, Alexander Wyant and Homer Martin.
Murphy first exhibited at the National Academy of Design in New York where he was later elected a member. Throughout his career Murphy was the recipient of many medals and awards.  His work is represented in many prominent collections and museums.



James Northcote
(1822 - 1904)

James Northcote was born in England in 1822.  He traveled to New York in 1858 and lived the remainder of his life in America.  Northcote exhibited his oils paintings at the National Academy in New York from 1884-1886.
 

Henry J. Peck
(1880-1964)

Painter, illustrator, etcher, and writer, Henry Peck was born in Galesburg, 
IL, June 10,1880.  He was
a pupil of Eric Pape School, Boston, and Howard Pyle in Delaware;  and the
Rhode Island School of Design.
Illustrations:  Collier's, Saturday Evening Post;  Scribner's;  Harper's;  Leslie's.
He was a member of the Providence Art Club;  Providence Watercolor Club;  South County Art Club;  and North Shore Art Club.  
He had a fondness for Providence, and fearful that several interesting buildings would be lost to future generations, he sketched a complete set of pictures 
of the city's landmarks.
He died in Kingston, MA in 1964. 

 


William McGregor Paxton
(1896 - 1941)

William Paxton was born in Baltimore, Maryland on June 26, 1896.  He studied under Gerome at L'Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris and under Dennis M. Bunker in Boston.  Paxton was a member of the National Academy of Design, Copley Society, Guild of Boston Artists, St. Botolph Club in Boston, Philadelphia Art Club, Allied Artists of America and the American Federation of Artists.  He was awarded the Lippincott prize, Philadelphia prize, Stotesbury prize and the popular prize from the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, DC. He also received awards from the Pennsylvania  Academy of Fine Arts and the 1915 Paris Expo.  Paxton's work is in collections in the Pennsylvania Academy in Philadelphia, Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, Corcoran Gallery in Washington, Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Cincinnati Museum and the Detroit Institute of Arts.

 




J. W. Parkinson
Parkinson is best known on a national level for his realistic animal portraits and paintings.  He is believed to have worked with Sidney Brackett.  

 


Robert Pearson
(    - 1891)

Robert Pearson is best known as a landscape painter.  He was a recognized artist during his lifetime, exhibiting successfully at the National Academy in New York City.  He lived in New York and later in Massachusetts as a resident of Malden where he was described as an "artist of much repute." 



William P. Phelps
(1848 - 1917)


William Phelps was born in Chelsham, New Hampshire on March 6, 1848.  He studied in Boston and was then sent to Europe to study under Velten, Meissner and Barth.  Upon his return to the United States, Phelps exhibited at the National Academy in New York.




Granville Perkins
(1830 - 1895)

Granville Perkins was born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1830. He studied in Philadelphia under James Hamilton.  Perkins devoted much of his career to scene painting and illustrating. He was a member of the American Water Color Society, and exhibited frequently at the  National Academy of Design in New York City.


 


JOHN ERIK CHRISTIAN PETERSEN
(1839-1874)

J.E.C. Petersen was born in Denmark.  In 1864 he settled in the United States and opened a studio in Boston, devoting himself primarily to marine painting.  Among his paintings are "After the Collision," "Making Sail after the Gale," and "The Phantom Ship."  His work is represented in the collections of the Peabody Museum in Salem, Massachusetts.  




Milne Ramsey
(1847 - 1915)

Milne Ramsey was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1847.  He was a landscape, figure and still-life painter.  Ramsey studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia and in Paris under Bonnat.  He painted many landscapes in France, especially in Normandy and Brittany, before returning to the United States.  Ramsey first established a studio in New York City and later in his native city of Philadelphia.
 
TOMASO DE SIMONE
Tomaso de Simone was an Italian painter
 active in Naples between 1851 and 1907.  
His large oil paintings of ships and steamers 
can be found in several important collections, including the British Museum in London, the Peabody Museum in Salem, Massachusetts, the 
Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and Museum 
in Hyde Park, New York, the Mariners Museum 
in Newport News, Virginia, and the 
Mystic Seaport Museum in Connecticut. 



William H. Rhodes
William H. Rhodes was originally from Pennsylvania. Census records show that he lived in Cincinnati in June 1860. He was a neighbor of artist Robert Duncanson.




William Trost Richards
(1833 - 1905)

William Trost Richards was born on November 14, 1833 in Philadelphia Pennsylvania.   Best known as a marine, still life and portrait painter, Richards first designed gaslight fixtures.  He became interested in painting and in 1853 went abroad for three years of study in Florence, Rome and Paris.  After his return in 1856, Richards married and settled in Germantown, Pennsylvania.  In 1874 Richards began to summer in Newport 
and he settled there permanently in 1890.  During his later years he made frequent trips to the British Isles and Channel Islands. 
Richards primarily painted still lifes and landscapes until about 1867 when he began to specialize in marine paintings.  He is best known for his luminous seascapes.
 


Robert W. Salmon
(c.1775 - 1842)

A marine painter of Scottish descent, Salmon was working in England as early as 1800.  He also worked in Liverpool, Greenock, Scotland and North Shields before coming to America in 1828.
Salmon settled in Boston, Massachusetts.  His painting, "The Wharves of Boston," hangs in the old Boston State House.  A list of Salmon's work, including "Rocks at Nahant", are preserved at the Boston Museum of Fine Art.

 
HENRY OSSAWA TANNER
(1859-1937)

Henry Ossawa Tanner was an illustrator, painter, educator and photographer, born in Pittsburgh, PA, in 1859.  He was raised in Philadelphia, the son of an outspoken, but respected Bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Church.  He decided to become an artist in 1872, against the wishes of both his family and the white community.  In 1880, he was finally accepted at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, where he studied under Thomas Eakins, a staunch realist and analytical photographer.  The two remained close even after Tanner's formal education ended, at which point he went to Atlanta to open a photography studio.  Unable to establish a patronage in Philadelphia or Atlanta, Tanner tried teaching classes at Clark University.  A trip to the North Carolina mountains renewed his spirit, and his paintings of local black people impressed Bishop Joseph Hartzel, the first of several white benefactors.  Hartzel purchased Tanner's entire exhibition, allowing the artist to travel abroad to study in Paris.  He stayed for several years at the Academie Julien, where his work, primarily genre scenes, became more personal, sensitive, and mood defining.  Around 1896, Tanner began to focus on religious subject matter, a change that brought critical and financial success and a great deal of overwhelming acceptance at the Salon in Paris.  Following a trip to the Holy Land, Tanner's style changed dramatically, developing into a mature blend of spirituality and impressionistic color, light and form.  Tanner remained in Paris, producing these large-scale works, until his death in 1937. 


Bettie J. Sarantos
Bettie Sarantos is an active contemporary Newport, Rhode Island artist.  She is well represented in important art collections and galleries.  Sarantos' styles range from realism to abstract in several art media.
Memberships include Copley Society of Boston, Providence Art Club, American Artists of Chinese Brush Painting and Sumi-E Society of America.
 

August Satre
(1876 -      )

August Satre was born in Norway in 1876. He moved to the United States where he continued painting and became a member of the Providence Water Color Club.
 

JOE SELBY 
(1893-1960)

Joe Selby was a marine painter  who was active in Miami from the 1920s through the 1950s.  Little is known of Selby's early life or training in art, if indeed he had any.  He was born in Mobile, Alabama in 1893.  In 1905, as a boy of twelve, Selby worked as a deck hand; it was in an accident that year that his leg was mangled in a breaking tow line and subsequently amputated.  
Selby may have painted commercial subjects before turning to pleasure yachts, but at any rate, by 1921 he was a recognized marine artist.  Selby, who had neither agent nor gallery, cultivated his clientele by approaching yacht owners at the Miami city pier and asking if they would like a portrait of their boat.  If a deal was struck, Selby boarded the boat to take measurements and color notes.  He then retired to the shade of a tree near an old fire station by the dock, where he would spend the afternoon completing the portrait.  Over the years Selby's clients included General Motors magnates Alfred P. Sloan and Charles Kettering, Axel Wennegren, Arthur James Curtis, William B. Leeds, and the Morgan and Rockefeller families.
Selby lived most of his mature life in public housing on NW 66th Street in Miami's Overtown district, but a measure of prosperity eventually allowed him to build his own home at 22nd Court.  He apparently was never married or had a family.  Selby worked continuously until 1959, the year of his last dated portrait.  He died on September 5, 1960, after a long hospital stay for an unrecorded illness.    
 JOHAN SELMER-LARSEN
(1876-1969)
The sculptor Johan Selmer-Larsen
was born in Sarpsborg, Norway; he later lived 
in Marblehead, Massachusetts.  He created 
bronzes and plaster statuary for many Boston-
area public buildings and private gardens.  His 
bas-relief medallions adorn the Marblehead High School and the entrance to the Sumner Tunnel
in Boston.  His sculptures are amongst the properties of the Trustees of Reservations in Massachusetts, and the eagles he created form 
the base of the flagpole at the Cloisters in 
New York City.  
From 1912 to 1950, Selmer-Larsen worked for 
the renowned landscape architectural firm of 
Frederick Law Olmstead.  He was also a boat designer and was one of the originators of model boat racing on Redd's Pond in Marblehead; he invented the sloped-stern design used in America's Cup vessels and built a series of wooden boats.  Also a carver in wood, Selmer-Larsen taught sculpture in Worcester, Massachusetts and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
 

Frank Henry Shapleigh
(1842 - 1906)

Frank Henry Shapleigh was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1842.  Shapleigh spent his professional life in Boston although he traveled to Paris to study with Emile Lamton.
Shapleigh's paintings include "Yosemite Valley," "Mount Washington," and the "Old Mill in Seabrook."
 


Warren W. Sheppard
(1858 - 1937)

Warren Sheppard was born in Greenwich, New Jersey in 1858.  He was a painter, illustrator and writer.  Sheppard was a pupil of Hertzberg and de Haas.  His work is represented in museums and in private collections throughout the United States: "The Restless Sea," Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo; "The Trackless Ocean," Toledo Museum; "The Sea," Public Library, Springfield, Massachusetts; "Clipper Ship, Young America" and "South Street, New York, in the Eighties," Addison Gallery, Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts; "Clipper Ship, Flying Cloud," Indian House, New York.  Sheppard was also the author of several books, "Practical Navigation" and "A Tale of the Sea."    



CHARLES STORER
(1817-1907)

American painter Charles Storer was an accomplished landscape and still life artist.  Member Boston Art Club.
 

WILLIAM PIERCE STUBBS
(1842-1909)

William Pierce Stubbs painted genre scenes and portraits of ships in the folk art manner.  
He  was born in Bucksport, Maine in 1842, the son of Captain Reuben Stubbs.  He was self-taught as an artist; all his known works are in oils and pastels.  Although he worked in and around Bucksport during his career, he also worked in Boston, where he was listed in the directories of 1876 and 1877.  Typical of Stubbs' early work are genre paintings showing scenes of everyday life in Bucksport, executed in primitive style.  Stubbs also worked in the popular tradition of ship portraitists, painting highly detailed pictures of specific ships, including the Nantucket and New Bedford whaling ships.  He exhibited at the International Maritime Exhibition in Boston in 1890.  
In 1894, suffering from "melancholia," Stubbs was committed to Worcester State Hospital.  He died in Medfield State Hospital in 1909.  Among the many museums in whose collections Stubbs' work is represented today are the Smithsonian Institution, the Mystic Seaport Museum, the Mariner's Museum, the Peabody Museum, and the Philadelphia Maritime Museum.
 


James Brade Sword
(1839 - 1915)

James B. Sword was born in Philadelphia on October 11, 1839.  He spent his early life in Macao, China before returning to the United States to establish a career as an artist. 
Sword's work is represented in many public institutions including the House of Representatives, the U.S. Capitol and the University of Pennsylvania.  He is best known as a portrait painter.
Sword was the founder and president of the Philadelphia Art Club and also served as a director and president for both the Philadelphia Society of Artists and the Artists Fund Society of Philadelphia.
 
GEORGE WILLIAM WHITAKER
(1841-1916)

George Whitaker, "the dean of Rhode Island artists." was a painter of still lifes and tonalist landscapes. He was born in Fall River, Massachusetts. As a youth he was part of a Utopian community known as Phalanx near Red Bank, New Jersey.  As a young man  he was apprenticed to his uncle, an engraver in New York. There he met and was encouraged by artists George Inness and Alexander Wyant. 
By  the 1870s Whitaker was in Paris, where 
he worked with Inness.   

Whitaker's landscapes always retained 
the evocative use of light characterized by his years of study in Barbizon and Fontainebleu. He returned to the United States and settled 
in Providence. In 1878 he suggested to his colleague Edward Bannister that "the artists 
of our city form … a club … bringing  professionals, amateurs, and art collectors together." With Charles Walter Stetson they formed the Providence Art Club. Whitaker 
was active in civic affairs and ran for state senator several times but was defeated.  He was the first teacher of oil painting at the Rhode Island School of Design, and was the founder 
of the Providence Water Color Club. 
  
 
NIKOLAI EFIMOVICH TIMKOV
(1912-1993)

Nikolai Timkov was a Russian Impressionist painter whose work has only recently become known in the West.  He was predominantly a painter of the Russian landscape, a theme that occupied him for over fifty years, during the tumultuous years of the early Soviet Republic, the second World War and the Stalin regime, and in to the early years of the "new Russia" of the 1990s.  Throughout his long career, Timkov participated in over one hundred exhibitions, including six one-man shows.  
Timkov attended the Rostov School of Art for his initial training, and then studied at the Moscow Institute of Arts and the All-Russian Academy of Art in Leningrad.  In 1940 he was inducted into the Navy and detailed to the Baltic Sea Fleet, where he continued to paint.  In 1943 he was elected a member of the National Union of Artists.  The following year he married; his son, born in 1946, still lives near St. Petersburg.
Timkov, who painted with his own home-made paints, was greatly influenced by Russian landscape artists as well as by the works of 19th-century French art to which he was exposed at the Hermitage Museum.  From 1964 to 1975 Timkov traveled throughout the northern Urals as well as Italy and the British Isles in preparation for further exhibitions.  In 1987 he was awarded the coveted title "Honorable Artist of the Russian Federation."
His final one-man show occurred at the St. Petersburg Union of Artists in 1993.  Today his works are displayed in some forty museums including the State Russian Museum, as well as in numerous private collections throughout Russia, Europe, Japan, and the United States.     
 

STACY TOLMAN
(1860 - 1935)

Stacy Tolman was born in Concord, Massachusetts in 1860.  He was widely known as a portrait, landscape, and figure painter and teacher.  He painted primarily in oils and also made red crayon portraits.  He was a pupil of Grundmann in Boston, and studied under Boulanger, Lefebvre, and Cabanel in Paris.
Tolman later became a resident of Rhode Island, where he was a contemporary of Burleigh, Stetson, Whitaker, Farnum and Mathewson.  He kept a studio at 7 Thomas Street in Providence; in 1929 his residence was listed as 1182 Mineral Spring Avenue in Pawtucket.
Tolman was an instructor of anatomy at the Rhode Island School of Design and a President of the Providence Water Color Club, where he often exhibited.  He also maintained  memberships and exhibited at the Providence Art Club and the Boston Art Club.

 

DWIGHT WILLIAM TRYON
1849-1925

Dwight Tryon was born in Hartford, Connecticut in 1849.  Known as a landscape painter, he studied in Paris at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, and in the atelier of Jacquesson de la Chevreuse.  Tryon also studied from nature out of doors with Daubigny and Harpignies.   
When he returned to the United States, he received immediate recognition and won numerous awards and medals.
In 1886 his painting "Daybreak" received the gold medal at the Prize Fund Exhibition of the  American Art Association.  Other awards included a prize at the National Academy in 1895; a gold medal at Munich in 1898; and first prize at the Carnegie Institute.  In 1891 he was elected a member of the National Academy of Design.  Tryon was also a member of the Society of American Artists and the American Water Color Society.  Considered an important Tonalist, whose landscapes are subtle and lyrical, Tryon's works are in principle galleries in America and abroad.  He is represented in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by "Moonrise at Sunset,"  "Early Spring,"  and "Evening, New Bedford Harbor."
 


Allen Tucker
(1866 - 1939)

Allen Tucker was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1866.  He was a painter, architect, writer and teacher. Tucker studied at Columbia University and the Art Students League of New York where he was a pupil of J. Twachtman.  Tucker later taught at the Art Students League.  He was a member and founder of the Association of American Painters and Sculptors which organized the 1913 Armory Show.  Tucker was the author of "Design and the Idea; There and Here".  His work is in museum collections throughout the United States including the Metropolitan Museum, Brooklyn Museum, Rhode Island School of Design, Whitney Museum, Albright Gallery in Buffalo and the Phillips Memorial Gallery in Washington, DC.

 


JAMES GALE TYLER
(1855 - 1930)

James Tyler was born in Oswego, New York.  A marine painter, illustrator and writer, he studied under A. Carey Smith.   From 1900 to 1930 Tyler painted pictures of every America's Cup Race.  In 1930, at age 75, he painted vivid portrayals of the Shamrock and the Enterprise in the waters off Newport, Rhode Island.  The paintings were later exhibited at the Union League Club.  Other prominent works of Tyler include:  "Abandoning the Jeanette" (painted to order for James Gordon Bennett), "The New World" and "The Constitution".  He provided illustrations and marine art studies to the lithographer Louis Prang as well as to such magazines as Harper's, Century, and Truth.  Tyler's marine scenes are widely admired for their heightened sense of color, brushwork and brilliant light.  He maintained a loyal following during his career and is widely collected throughout the United States. 
Tyler exhibited at the National Academy of Design in New York, and was a member of the Brooklyn Art Club, the Salmagundi Club, the Artist's Fund Society and the Greenwich Society of Artists.  His work is in the collections of the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, D.C., the Tokyo Museum, the Wadsworth Atheneum, and the Mariners Museum.  
 
AXEL WALLERT
(1890-1962)

Axel Wallert was born in Sweden and was a student at the Stockholm Academy.  Among his notable works are a series of decorative paintings in the Stockholm City Hall.  A versatile artist, Wallert was also known for his landscapes, town scenes, portraits, and interiors.
 
FREDERIC PORTER VINTON
(1846-1911)

Frederic Porter Vinton was a portrait painter, born in Bangor, Maine in 1846.  He began his artistic studies with William Morris Hunt in Boston and continued with William Rimmer at the Lowell Art Institute.  In 1874, Vinton traveled to Paris to further his education under the tutelage of Bonnat, and later with Jean Paul Laurens at the Academie Julian, becoming the first American to study with him.  Vinton returned to America in 1879 and established himself as a portrait painter in the Boston area.  His success brought the artist numerous accolades.  He won an honorable mention at the Paris Salon in 1890, a gold medal at the Columbian Expo in Chicago in 1893, and another gold at the Pan-American Expo in Buffalo in 1901.  He was also awarded a gold medal at the St. Louis Expo in 1904.  Frederic Vinton died in Boston in 1911 and the Museum of Fine Arts held a memorial exhibition in his honor.
 
THOMAS WILLIS
(1850-1912)

Thomas Willis was a marine painter active circa 1880 to 1910.  His works are characterized by the use of embroidery and fabric.  Born in Connecticut
in 1850, Willis is known to have worked for a silk embroidery thread maker in Brooklyn, New York in 1870.  His paintings of ships feature sails executed in silk or satin, with hulls often rendered in velvet, and the backgrounds painted.  
Willis died in New York City in 1912.  His works, signed with his distinctive monogram, are eagerly 
sought by private collectors and are also found in the collections of the Mystic Seaport Museum, the Peabody Museum of Salem, and the Mariners' Museum. 
 
EMILY SELINGER
(1848-1927)

Emily Harris (McGary) Selinger was born in Wilmington, North Carolina.  She lived and traveled extensively in Europe, where she was an art correspondent for the Boston Evening Transcript.
She married artist Jean Paul Selinger in 1882.
Selinger studied at the Cooper Institute in New York City and with Amalia Rocchi in Florence and Margaret Roosenboom in Holland.  She was awarded silver medals at exhibitions of the Charitable Mechanics Association in Boston.  Best known for her floral paintings, Selinger also painted portraits and still lifes.
 
JOHN JOSEPH ENNEKING
(1841-1916)

John Joseph Enneking was born in Minster, Ohio, in 1841, the only child of farm owners Joseph and Margaretha Enneking.  At fifteen years of age, after both of his parents had passed away, Enneking moved to Cincinnati to live with an aunt and uncle, and, in 1858, attended Mount St. Mary's College to study drawing.  His career brought him initially to New York, and then to Boston, where he became a student of Samuel Gerry.  Enneking was married in 1864 and from 1872-1876, his studies took the family to Europe, where the artist is said to have painted with Claude Monet.  
While his earlier canvases resulted in precise imitations of nature, Enneking's later works vary widely in style.  Completed after 1876, these paintings certainly reveal an Impressionist influence.  His quiet autumnal landscapes capturing dusk and twilight have been considered his most profound pictures.  Like the Impressionists, and perhaps with a little influence by the barbizon painters, Enneking's creations suggest that time of day surpasses location in importance.  He showed great interest in redefining the forms of nature into vessels of light, color and feeling.  His ability to convey the mists, hazes and moisture of a land made atmospheric painting Enneking's true forte. 
In 1876, he returned to Boston, and, two years later, had his first one-man show at Williams and Everett's Gallery.  Enneking died in 1916.
 


Wesley Webber
(1838-1914)

Wesley Webber was born in Gardner, Maine in 1838.  He was a self-taught artist who produced hundreds of paintings including landscapes, seascapes, still lifes, depictions of animals and scenes of the Civil War.  Webber is said to be the only artist-soldier present at Lee's surrender at Appomattox.  His sketches and scenes are considered to be of great historical value.
At age 20, Webber began an apprenticeship as an ornamental sign and carriage painter with J.C. Roberts of Haymarket Square in Boston.  In 1862 he joined the U.S. Army before again returning to Boston.  In 1892 Webber and his family moved from Boston to New York City.  He suffered from alcoholism and was soon selling his paintings for liquor.  Webber divorced and remarried eventually becoming ill and moving in with his daughter.  He died leaving "no money…insurance or benefit of any kind."  Webber is remembered as a melancholy man which may account for night scenes, storm clouds and the somber shades of brown and muted yellow in his paintings.  Webber's work is in the collections of the Brooklyn Museum, the Peabody Museum in Salem, and the Portland Museum of Art in Maine.

 


Frederick D. Williams
(1829 - 1915)

Frederick Williams was born in Boston, Massachusetts.  He studied at Harvard and later in Paris.  Williams devoted his time to both the landscape and the figure. He was very active in Boston from 1850-1880 not only as a painter, but also as a teacher and exhibitor. 



John Henry Witt
(1862-1901)

John H. Witt was born in Dublin, Wayne County, IN, May 18,1840.  He began as a machinist and wagon painter in a 
small agricultural implement factory
owned by his uncles.
He began portrait painting at an early age
and adopted it as a profession about 1862.
From 1862 to c. 1879 he had a studio in Columbus, OH, where he painted portraits of a great many governors and other prominent public men of Ohio until 
about 1879 when he moved to New York City.
He studied art in Cincinnati with  
Joseph O. Eaton.  
Was elected an Associate of the National Academy of Design and was a member of various clubs. 


 

 Carl F. Weller
 (1853 - 1920)

Carl Weller was born in Stockholm, Sweden on July 29, 1825.  Weller studied at the Royal Academy in Stockholm and the Kensington Art School in London. He was a member of the Washington Watercolor Club, the Washington Society of Fine Arts, and the Society of Washington Artists.  During his career, Weller exhibited annually at the Corcoran Gallery in Washington D.C. 


ISABEL LYDIA WHITNEY
(1884-1962)

Isabel Whitney was a designer, illustrator and mural painter born in Brooklyn, New York in 1884.  
She studied with Arthur Dow and Howard Pyle 
and made educational visits to France, Italy, Great Britain and Russia.  Although her specialty was watercolor, Whitney was also familiar with oils 
and fresco, concentrating on murals, still lifes, landscapes, and the Indians of Taos.  She did 
some fresco work at the Brooklyn Museum and other places, and restored historic wallpapers at Williamsburg.  She was a member of several organizations and institutions, including the Brooklyn Watercolor Club, the National Academy 
of Design, and the Brooklyn Society of Modern Art.  She exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, and the Brooklyn Museum, among other locations.  Isabel Whitney died in New York City in 1962.  Later that year, the Pen and Brush Club held a memorial exhibition in her honor.  
 

ROBERT D. WILKIE
(1828 - 1903)

Robert Wilkie was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1828.  He was a landscape, genre, still life and bird painter.  In the later part of the century he painted over one hundred watercolor scenes from Dickens' novels.  During his career, Wilkie made numerous painting trips to the White and Adirondack Mountains and taught painting in Boston.  In 1948 the Vose Galleries of Boston exhibited a retrospective of Wilkie's artistic career, 
"Robert D. Wilkie, 1828-1903, Rediscovery of a 19th Century Boston Painter."  At that time the Vose Galleries published two catalogues of Wilkie's work, one of 98 Dickens scenes and the other of 22 miscellaneous oils and watercolors.  


JOHN (JOCK) WILSON
(1774-1855)

John (Jock) Wilson was born in Ayr, Scotland in 1774.  He was referred to as 'Jock' because his son, a painter of landscapes, shared the same name.  After an apprenticeship with a decorator, Jock Wilson became a student of Alexander Nesmith, a landscape painter and professor of drawing.  In 1798, he settled in London, finding employment as a painter in the theater.  His work The Battle of Trafalgar won him a prize at the British Institution.  From 1807 until his death, Wilson stayed in London and exhibited no less than 300 works at the Society of British Artists, of which he was a founder.  Eventually, he was named an honorary member of the Royal Scottish Academy.  His work can now be found in the Folkestone Art Gallery, the Laing Art Gallery in Newcastle, and in the National Gallery of Scotland.  Later in life, he retired to Folkestone, Kent, and died in 1855.
 


Mabel Mae Woodward
( 1877 - 1944 )

Mabel Woodward was a long-time member of the Providence Art Club as well as being its first woman president.  She was a pupil of Chase, DuMond and Cox in New York.
Woodward's beach and garden scenes were widely admired for their heightened sense of color, broken brush work, and brilliant light.  She maintained a loyal following throughout her career and is now widely collected in Rhode Island.




Frederick Dickinson Williams
(1829 - 1915)

Frederick Williams was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1829. He studied at Harvard and later in Paris before returning to Boston where he taught drawing and met his wife (nee Lunt) who was also an artist.  Williams is best known as a portrait, landscape and figure painter.


 

Abbie Luella Zuill
(1856 - 1921)

Abbie Zuill specialized in still lifes, but painted landscapes as well. She was a member of the Fall River, Massachusetts School of Still Life.  Zuill studied with Robert Dunning and completed many of his unfinished works after his death in 1905.